micdadei could be grown on Legionella-specific buffered charcoal yeast extract (BCYE) agar, on BCYE supplemented with glycine (3 g/L), vancomycin (1 mg/L), polymyxin B (50,000 UI/L) and anisomycin (80 mg/L) called MWY medium, and on BCYE supplemented with cefamandole
(4 mg/L), polymyxin B (80,000 UI/L) and anisomycin (80 mg/L) called BMPA medium.
In addition, the side chain of older cephalosporin members (e.g., cephalothin, cephaloridine, and cefamandole
) is similar to that of penicillin (5) thus increasing the risk of cross-reactivity and type IV allergic reaction with penicillin and its derivatives.
Glycine 3000 Vancomycin 1 80 (CH) Vancomycin 0.5 80 (CH) Cefalotin 4 Glycine 3000 Vancomycin 1 80 (A) Vancomycin 0.5 80 (A) Cefamandole
2 80 (A) Glycine 3000 Vancomycin 1 Campylobacter sp.
Transferable resistance to cefotaxime, cefoxitin, cefamandole
and cefuroxime in clinical isolates of Klebsiella pneumoniae and Serratia marcescens.
(2) In addition, intrinsic resistance to cefamandole
and cefoxitin has also been recognized by EUCAST.
Many isolates of Acinetobacter spp have developed resistance to antibiotics, including until now successful, aminopenicillins, ureidopenicillin, cefamandole
and cephalothin, cephamycin, cefoxitin, most of the aminoglycosides, chloramphenicol, tetracycline, and the more recent antibiotics, such as cefotaxime, ceftazidime, imipenem, tobramycin, amikacin, and fluoroquinolones .
All isolates were resistant to cefamandole
, ampicillin, cloxacillin, colistin, mecillinam ciprofloxacin and tetracycline ,while all of isolates were sensitive to Azithromycin ,penicillin G and novobiocin (Table 3).
Other broad spectrum antibiotics such as cephalothin, carbenicillin, amoxicillin, cefamandole
, tobramycin, and vancomycin were incorporated either with bone cement or coating of implants .
Krcmery, "Transferable resistance to cefotaxime, cefoxitin, cefamandole
and cefuroxime in clinical isolates of Klebsiella pneumoniae and Serratia marcescens" Infection, vol.
Additive growth inhibitory effect of epigallocatechin-gallate and baicalin with doxycycline, oxytetracycline and cefamandole
against various strains of Staphylococcus aureus.