To reach a conclusion of causation
, epidemiologists often consider a set of "criteria" created by Sir Bradford Hill.
The late scholastic philosopher Francisco Suarez (1548-1617) articulates and defends an extraordinarily detailed account of efficient causation
. Some of the most interesting and difficult questions connected with this account concern the particular types of efficient causation
The novel theory of causation
was not peer reviewed, professionally presented, consistent with Mrs.
Defendant's second issue is that there was insufficient causation
evidence to send the case to the jury.
The information has been compiled in its first Crux Insight report, which provides a digital perspective on its initial investigation into common engineering and construction dispute causation
factors across 257 commissions on which HKA has provided claims consulting and dispute resolution services.
CRUX aims to provide a better understanding of claims and dispute causation
and reinvigorate the debate about how to reduce the prevalence of disputes across the engineering and construction (E&C) industry.
marked skin, The burns are placed high in the sequencing of death causation
DR MYRA CULLINANE dublin coroner's court
To talk about causation
pretty much implies that you've proven the connection between two variables, and that when you do X, then Y happens--100% of the time.
In this magnum opus, as Philip Clayton described it in his endorsement, George Ellis lays out the case for top-down causation
from an emergentist perspective.
Another modification of the rule is the independent concurrent causation
has provoked much debate, particularly because these
KEY WORDS: contrastivism, counterfactual conditional, general causation
, singular causation
, causal claim