The cephalad and caudad
tilting of the transducer should be applied to obtain the best view of the ligamentum flavum and dura mater complex.
Caption: Figure 2: Attempted left internal iliac artery selective arteriogram with a 5 F SOS catheter shows the catheter tip in the left ureter and brisk flow of contrast into the left ureter (solid blue arrow) flowing caudad
into the urinary bladder (solid red arrow).
This technique involves bridging the pars defect with a rod anchored by a cephalad pedicle screw and caudad
laminar hook combined with bone grafting.
Images of the right common carotid artery were centered 10 to 15 mm below (caudad
to) the right common carotid artery bulb.
2D); ventro-cephalic angle broadly rounded, its ventral margin gradually ascendant caudad
to the more rounded ventro-caudal angle (Fig.
The abnormal bone curved caudad
towards the right side of the distal sacral vertebra but was not directly attached to the sacrum.
The occipital artery was identified at a level 1.5 cm caudad
to the external occipital protuberance.
Pronotum with posterolateral corners broadly rounded or truncated, not pointed or produced caudad
Creation of the bladder flap is then completed in the caudad
direction approximately 1-2 cm over the ring/cup (see photo 2).
(4) This manifests in several ways: (i) an increase in cephalad and caudad
peak velocities; (ii) spatial inhomogeneity in velocities; (iii) simultaneous bidirectional flow; and (iv) substantial net craniad or caudad
flows within particular voxels and sub regions during the cardiac cycle (Figs 4a - d and 5a - f).