cauda equina syndrome


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cau·da e·qui·na syn·drome

involvement, often asymmetric, of multiple roots making up the cauda equina (that is, L2-S3 roots), manifested by pain, paresthesia, and weakness; often bladder and bowel sphincter function is unaffected because of sacral sparing (lack of compromise of the S2, S3, and S4 roots).

cauda equina syndrome

Acute cauda equina syndrome Neurosurgery
A condition caused by compression of multiple lumbosacral nerve roots in the spinal canal due to an abrupt prolapse of the lumbar disk Clinical CES is a medical emergency characterized by bilateral sciatica in the lower back and upper buttocks, saddle anesthesia, urinary retention, bowel dysfunction Diagnosis Myelography, CT, MRI Management Standard laminotomy-diskectomy–98% success; microsurgical diskectomy–86%, percutaneous diskectomy–67%

cau·da e·qui·na syn·drome

(kaw'dă ē-kwī'nă sin'drōm)
Dull pain in upper sacral region, with anesthesia or analgesia in buttocks, genitalia, or thigh; accompanied by disturbed bowel and bladder function. Indicative of pressure on the cauda equina, as from a tumor or degenerative disc disease.
[L. horse tail]

cauda equina syndrome

The result of a central protrusion backwards of the pulpy inner material (nucleus pulposus) of an INTERVERTEBRAL DISC, in the part of the spinal canal below the termination of the spinal cord. A leash of nerves run down in this area and these may be compressed. There is acute back pain, SCIATICA and interference with bladder function.

cauda

pl. caudae [L.] a tail or tail-like appendage.

cauda equina
the collection of spinal roots that stream caudally from the end of the spinal cord and occupy the vertebral canal.
cauda equina compression
see lumbosacral stenosis.
cauda equina syndrome
cauda helicis
caudal process of the helix of the ear of the dog.
References in periodicals archive ?
This article presents a case of cauda equina syndrome that developed as a consequence of an epidural lysis procedure which had poor motor recovery.
5%) had radicular symptoms, followed by cauda equina syndrome (27.
In women with cauda equina syndrome, prompt surgical intervention (laminectomy) restores normal bladder function in at least 25% of patients.
Tatter SB, Cosgrove GR Hemorrhage into a lumbar synovial cyst causing an acute cauda equina syndrome, J Neurosurg 1994; 81:449-452
For patients with cauda equina syndrome, the ACR report recommends MRI without contrast, with an estimated cost of $1,642 based on data from a large nonprofit health care system.
Medical realities of cauda equina syndrome secondary to lumbar disc herniation.
Cauda equina syndrome in patients with low lumbar fractures.
However, its use has declined because of concerns about cauda equina syndrome and transient neurological symptoms (2).
Cauda equina syndrome occurred nearly as often as spinal hematoma in the Swedish study but had worse outcomes, with all 32 cases resulting in permanent neurologic damage.
Cauda equina syndrome is caused by any large space-occupying mass, such as a large central HNP, located in the spinal canal at the level of the cauda equina.
The patient continued to have pain and progressed to have a cauda equina syndrome with bilateral lower extremity weakness, loss of bladder control, and absent leg reflexes.
For example, cauda equina syndrome is a partial or complete loss of control of the bowel or bladder and sometimes sexual function; it is due to compression of the collection of spinal roots that descend from the lower part of the spinal cord and occupy the vertebral canal below the cord.