cauda equina syndrome


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cau·da e·qui·na syn·drome

involvement, often asymmetric, of multiple roots making up the cauda equina (that is, L2-S3 roots), manifested by pain, paresthesia, and weakness; often bladder and bowel sphincter function is unaffected because of sacral sparing (lack of compromise of the S2, S3, and S4 roots).

cauda equina syndrome

Acute cauda equina syndrome Neurosurgery
A condition caused by compression of multiple lumbosacral nerve roots in the spinal canal due to an abrupt prolapse of the lumbar disk Clinical CES is a medical emergency characterized by bilateral sciatica in the lower back and upper buttocks, saddle anesthesia, urinary retention, bowel dysfunction Diagnosis Myelography, CT, MRI Management Standard laminotomy-diskectomy–98% success; microsurgical diskectomy–86%, percutaneous diskectomy–67%

cau·da e·qui·na syn·drome

(kaw'dă ē-kwī'nă sin'drōm)
Dull pain in upper sacral region, with anesthesia or analgesia in buttocks, genitalia, or thigh; accompanied by disturbed bowel and bladder function. Indicative of pressure on the cauda equina, as from a tumor or degenerative disc disease.
[L. horse tail]

cauda equina syndrome

The result of a central protrusion backwards of the pulpy inner material (nucleus pulposus) of an INTERVERTEBRAL DISC, in the part of the spinal canal below the termination of the spinal cord. A leash of nerves run down in this area and these may be compressed. There is acute back pain, SCIATICA and interference with bladder function.
References in periodicals archive ?
This article presents a case of cauda equina syndrome that developed as a consequence of an epidural lysis procedure which had poor motor recovery.
Soufiani, "Posterior epidural migration of sequestered lumbar disc fragment causing cauda equina syndrome," Coluna/ Columna, vol.
(2007) [39] Partial cauda equina syndrome due to spinal epidural hematoma in the L3 region Guo et al.
Posterior epidural migration of an extruded lumbar disk fragment causing cauda equina syndrome: clinical and magnetic resonance imaging evaluation.
In women with cauda equina syndrome, prompt surgical intervention (laminectomy) restores normal bladder function in at least 25% of patients.
For patients with cauda equina syndrome, the ACR report recommends MRI without contrast, with an estimated cost of $1,642 based on data from a large nonprofit health care system.
Cauda Equina Syndrome Secondary to Lumbar Disc Herniation: A Meta-Analysis of Surgical Outcomes.
Rare: Spinal Cord Injury, Cauda Equina Syndrome (damage to the lower part of the spinal cord)
Cauda equina syndrome in patients with low lumbar fractures.
In the past, hyperbaric lignocaine 50 [mg.ml.sup.-1] was commonly used for spinal anaesthesia for short surgical procedures, but its use has declined because of concerns about cauda equina syndrome and transient neurological symptoms (2).
CASE FACTS: Dale Skrzypchak suffered from cauda equina syndrome, which is a neurosurgical emergency involving a compressed nerve extending into the cauda equina region of the body, which is that portion below where the spinal cord terminates.