cathinone


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cathinone

(kăth′ĭ-nōn′)
n.
1. An alkaloid, C9H11NO, that is present in fresh khat leaves and is a central nervous system stimulant. It is a controlled substance in the United States.
2. Any of several synthetic derivatives of this alkaloid that are used as drugs for their stimulating properties.
References in periodicals archive ?
Fresh leaves of Khat contain two psychoactive constituents which are the stimulant cathinone and cathine.
Flakka, a synthetic Cathinone drug South Florida has recently become all too familiar with, is capturing the media's attention and gaining much needed awareness in our communities.
Cathinone occurs naturally in the khat plant, which grows on the Arabian Peninsula and in East Africa.
Mephodrone, also known as 4-methylmethcathinone (4-MMC) or 4-methylephedrone, is a synthetic stimulant drug of the amphetamine and cathinone classes.
Mephedrone is one of the possible active ingredients, and it is derived from the synthetic cathinone, similar to cathinone found naturally in the khat plant (Catha edulis).
8) The global transport and availability of khat has been enhanced by the development of a capsular form cathinone 200mg (its active ingredient), which is also known as hagigat.
For example, cathinone derivatives have been reported since the late 1920s.
Upon recommendation from the Advisory Council on the Misuse of Drugs (ACMD), an amendment to the Misuse of Drugs Act 1971 in April 2010 controlled the use of mephedrone and other cathinone derivatives in the UK, classifying the substances as Class B drugs.
We were very interested to read the article by Kelly Melvin and David Hourani in the January/February 2014 issue of the West Virginia Medical Journal regarding a case of Datura stramonium ingestion being misdiagnosed as cathinone intoxication.
Its psychoactive ingredients -- cathinone and cathine -- are similar to amphetamines but weaker, and can help chewers stay awake and talkative.
It was originally marketed as a plant fertiliser and is derived from cathinone, a compound found in a plant called Khat.