Besides the phlebitis scale proposed by the RCN (2010), the tool included variables related to: the individual (gender, age, level of dependency, status of consciousness and whether the patient was confined to a bed); catheterisation (ward, anatomic site of catheter insertion, catheter gauge and material, catheterisation instructions, catheter dwell time, securement device, reason for catheter removal, signs and symptoms of phlebitis, number of catheters inserted); and intravenous drugs (fluid therapy, KCI, antibiotherapy, number of antibiotics, and drugs administered within 24 hours, continuous/intermittent perfusion, use of infusion pumps).
As for catheter gauge, nurses usually used the 20G (0.
Catheter gauge has no influence on phlebitis, which is congruent with other studies (Uslusoy and Mete 2008; Abbas et al 2007; Ferreira et al 2007; Regueiro Pose et al 2005; Rivas Doblado et al 2004).
The intravenous catheter gauge is chosen to demonstrate the importance of asking the correct question:
Example Key Search Terms: catheter gauge, blood transfusion, pediatric, children
The effect of external pressure, catheter gauge, and storage time on hemolysis in RBC transfusion.
The number of medications administered through the intermittent catheter, the catheter gauge, the incidence of phlebitis, and medical diagnosis were considered in the analyses.
For each study subject, catheter gauge was recorded on the medical record and the study flowsheet.