catastrophism


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catastrophism

the thesis that fossil beds represented catastrophic MASS EXTINCTIONS so that the fossil record showed a series of separate creations, each followed by a mass mortality. Held largely in the 18th and 19th centuries, this idea lost support with the development of evolutionary theory in the 20th century.
References in periodicals archive ?
The annihilation of humanity that capitalism prosecutes with such an illustrious savagery is not some ramped-up bit of catastrophism, but the foundation of civilization's unfinished obelisk, against which we can only smash our heads in horror and disbelief.
Rather than the endemic catastrophism that Titlestad's piece in this issue addresses, the image of recycling proposes an ongoing, if fitful process of making-the-future-out-of-what-the-present-offers.
For a critique of such cultures of catastrophism, see Lilley et al.
Author Bruckner has written a lively and thoughtful essay on the damage done by ecological catastrophism, the belief that humans have severely damaged the earth and must pay the price.
As attention to the problem grows, the perceived impending catastrophe appears to demand an immediate technological solution that actually obscures the politics at work [see de Goede and Randalls (2009); see also Swyngedouw (2007) on catastrophism and climate change].
I agree with Tom Athanasiou on the need for "global emergency mobilization" to address global climate change ("In Review: Catastrophism," Spring 2013).
Even if Pallante's version of degrowth is more strongly attracted to a kind of apocalyptic catastrophism, his plea for a 'happy' degrowth echoes Gorz's (and Castoriadis') idea of autonomy in terms of a self-limitation of needs and the re-development of skills and capacities to self-managed production of own-use-goods (Pallante 2005).
14) Thus, by aligning catastrophism with the irrational and superstitious and proposing the fixed and invariable laws of uniformity as the only sound scientific principles of geological change, Lyell "vulgarises the multiplicity of stances between pure uniformitarianism and pure catastrophism" (p.
Catastrophism, in other words, hinders, rather than hastens, political action on climate change or the development of a new economic system.
8) Like catastrophism, creationism opposed Darwinian and Lamarckian evolutionary theories that were gaining prominence in scientific and lay communities in the latter half of the nineteenth century.
But since Cuvier's catastrophism developed the ideas of natural revolutions foLlowed by species' extinctions, his theory is more relevant to this present study of the early nineteenth-century social anxieties that related to political turmoil and upheavals.
Please note, the number of scientists in the IPCC report that the organization may honestly be able to say have endorsed the IPCC's AGW catastrophism, is more on the order of 50-60 individuals, not 4,000.