Malignant catarrhal fever and hemorrhagic diseases (EHD and BT) can cause sudden deaths, but no associated signs were observed in live deer or carcasses (MCF: erosion of the muzzle, blindness, bloody diarrhea; EHD and BT: swelling of the head, neck, and tongue; depression; and respiratory distress; Davidson and Nettles 1997, Heuschele and Reid 2001, Howerth et al.
Number of deer tested for bluetongue (BT), epizootic hemorrhagic disease (EHD), bovine viral diarrhea (BVD) I and II, Johne's disease, West Nile virus (WNV), and malignant catarrhal fever (MCF) at Wind Cave National Park, South Dakota, USA, from 2003 to 2005 with number of deer testing antibody positive shown in parentheses.
An outbreak of porcine malignant catarrhal fever in a farrow-to-finish swine farm in the United States.
PCR detection of the sheep-associated agent of malignant catarrhal fever. Arch Virol.
Identification and quantification of ovine gammaherpesvirus 2 DNA in fresh and stored tissues of pigs with symptoms of porcine malignant catarrhal fever. J Clin Microbiol.
Malignant catarrhal fever. Australian situation [cited 2008 Jul 26].
Chronic generalized obliterative arteriopathy in cattle: a sequel to sheep-associated malignant catarrhal fever. J Vet Diagn Invest.
Immunohistochemical study of experimental malignant catarrhal fever in rabbits.
And now, for the first time, malignant catarrhal fever can be diagnosed.
In a typical ELISA, the malignant catarrhal fever virus is applied to the bottom of a plastic plate.
According to the latest evaluation carried out by the European Commission on 1 December, 2,130 homes in Europe were found to be affected by catarrhal fever
. They can be broken down as follows: Germany, 829 cases; Belgium, 687; the Netherlands, 447; Italy; 146, Bulgaria, 13; France, 6; Luxembourg, 1; Portugal, 1.
They are also testing promising vaccines against Rift Valley and malignant catarrhal fevers
.The scientists are improving disease resistance in local livestock such as the Boran and cross-breeding high-yielding exotic Dorper sheep with drought- and disease-resistant local red Maasai sheep to help farmers deal with climate change.