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Table 2 shows that there are 15 instances of cataphoric deduction, in which 10 relate to the lexical level in subtitles and 5 the clausal level; and 20 instances of anaphoric deduction, in which 18 concern the lexical level in subtitles and 2 the clausal level.
The cataphoric use of the indefinite this in spoken narratives.
Extracts from six eminent English and six Urdu writers were analysed to identify Exophoric, Anaphoric, Cataphoric references and Ellipsis in the texts (see Appendix 1 and 4).
The texts were analyzed in terms of anaphoric, cataphoric, and exophoric references, as well as theme and rheme progressions, topic types, genre, and lexical density.
The reference to exterior stresses (23) forms a cohesive tie with the cataphoric reference to exterior motives (24) in the opening sentence of paragraph 3.
the reference clause is often adjacent--see Comrie 1989) the cataphoric use is the most advantageous, since it allows the hearer to prepare his or her mind for the next step in the discourse.
The gap that keeps opening in The Third Policeman between anaphoric and cataphoric reference (anaphoric: a phrase that draws meaning from other references within a text; cataphoric: a meaning yet to be identified within the text) continually denies the reader grounding within the text or even beyond it.
This is a cataphoric reference because it is referring forward to 'Nigeria project'.
This cataphoric type of co-reference chain is a significant part of the repertoire of a variety of the narratives in Dubliners, including "Eveline," "After the Race," "A Mother," "The Sisters" and "The Dead.
The first use ("CONSIDER THIS,") forms part of a directive to cue up the argument presented on the front page--"this" functions as a cataphoric pronoun, referring the reader 'forward' to the argument that the BNP wishes the viewer to consider.
3) and (4) illustrate the use of endophoric markers, (3) with anaphoric reference and (4) with cataphoric reference.
Gender has important communicative functions, such as the disambiguation of anaphoric structures or deictic reference; it increases sentence cohesion thereby facilitating processing, and also has cataphoric functions for the prediction of the following phrase structures (Van Berkum, 1996; Van Berkum et al.
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- Cataphatic theology
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