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A decision-making method used in biomedical ethics; based on previous experience with similar cases.
[L. casus, case]
References in periodicals archive ?
Understandably, the courts are reluctant to contemplate full-blown casuistical inquiry, or to venture unreservedly into the "moral realism" that probably must underlie any objective theory of conscience.
Slights, The Casuistical Tradition in Shakespeare, Donne, Herbert, and Milton (Princeton, N.
However, a minimum of research ascertains how much of Brown's material was in fact presented by Cathcart, who focused on what he saw as casuistical habits of mind in the Songs and Sonets, and Slights, who discussed exactly the same three prose texts, Biathanatos, Pseudo-Martyr and the sermon on Esther.
17) This was no doubt in part because there was genuine confusion about the relative weight of canon and common law in disputed cases; but it was also because spousal contracts and the state of marriage were themselves the locus of casuistical dilemmas.
Readers of "The Contract" in the 1650s would not only have recognized it as a domestic case of conscience concerning the validity of spousal contracts de futuro; they would also have had in mind the casuistical dilemma brought about by the change of regime.
These conflicts are dramatized on the one hand through casuistical debate and on the other through the narrative of love and adventure, including the effort of the hero or heroine to overcome some kind of sexual barrier (in Northrop Frye's formulation, the innocent heroine brings the truculent hero to heel).
38) Crucially important for the revival of this form of romance narrative were the translations of French romances by Madeleine de Scudery, de la Calprenede, and others: whereas the contemporary romances of English authors such as William Sales and Percy Herbert stressed the aptness of romance adventures to allegorize the political upheavals of the civil war, the French works satisfied the reader's desire both for "strange actions" and for the analysis of the passions and development of character, in part through casuistical debate.
She in turn adopts a Jonsonian strictness about the masque of life, and when her uncle asks for her opinion of "the riches and gallantry of the city" (8) in one of many such scenes of casuistical debate, she replies: "As I pass by, I please my eye, yet no other ways than as senseless objects; they entice me not to stay, and a short view satisfies the appetite of the senses, unless the rational and understanding part should be absent; but to me they seem but moving statues" (9).
Quite apart from the book's more normative message, the authors' "samples" of casuistical reasoning as applied to the problems of usury, equivocation, and responding to insults-in addition to their account of Pascal's devastating but (they argue) misguided attack on casuistry in the Provincial Letters--would alone be worth the price of admission.
On some issues, such as brain death, do-not-resuscitate orders, and even surrogate motherhood, consensus has been achieved in an atmosphere of mutual respect with the help of the casuistical and rhetorical techniques recommended by Jonsen and Toulmin.