castration


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castration

 [kas-tra´shun]
excision of the gonads (bilateral orchiectomy in a male or bilateral oophorectomy in a female), or destruction of the gonads, as by radiation or parasites. If this occurs before puberty, secondary sex characters will fail to develop. See also eunuch.
female castration removal of the ovaries, or bilateral oophorectomy; called spaying in female animals.
male castration bilateral orchiectomy.

cas·tra·tion

(kas-trā'shŭn),
1. Removal of the testicles or ovaries.
2.

castration

/cas·tra·tion/ (kas-tra´shun) excision of the gonads, or their destruction as by radiation or parasites.
female castration  bilateraloophorectomy.
male castration  bilateral orchiectomy.

castration

[kastrā′shən]
Etymology: L, castrare, to castrate
the surgical excision of one or both testicles or ovaries, performed most frequently to reduce the production and secretion of certain hormones that may stimulate the proliferation of malignant cells in women with breast cancer or in men with prostate cancer. The patient must be informed that bilateral excision of the gonads causes sterility. See also oophorectomy, orchidectomy.

castration

The removal of gonads; castration occurs in various contexts:
1. Forensic–a controversial procedure intended to ↓ sexual drives in repeat sex offenders.
2. Pathologic–due to infection, which renders both testes functionally inactive–eg, with filariasis in elephantiasis.
3. Therapeutic–to remove the source of androgens in Pts with androgen-sensitive prostate CA–which can also be accomplished by RT. See Chemical castration, Medical castration, Surgical castration Psychiatry The fantasized loss of the genitals; a mental state of impotence, powerlessness, helplessness, or defeat Urology Surgical removal of testes in ♂ with androgen-dependent prostate CA.

cas·tra·tion

(kas-trā'shŭn)
1. Removal of the testicles or ovaries.
2. See: castration complex; castrate

castration

The removal of the testicles (orchidectomy or orchiectomy), or, sometimes, of all the male external genitalia. The term is also occasionally used to refer to the removal of the ovaries in women. Castration can be valuable in the treatment of androgen dependent cancer of the prostate gland, even if widespread.

castration

see EMASCULATION (2).

castration

or

gelding

) the removal of the testicles.

Huggins,

Charles B., Canadian-U.S. surgeon and Nobel laureate, 1901-1994.
Huggins operation - orchidectomy performed for palliation or cure of cancer of the prostate. Synonym(s): castration

castration

excision of the gonads, or their destruction, as by radiation or parasites.

Burdizzo castration
closed castration
see covered castration (below).
covered castration
the covering of the scrotal sac is incised and the testicle released still enclosed in its tunica vaginalis. The cord is ligatured and the testicle and its enveloping tunic removed in toto. Preferred for adult stallions or when the inguinal canal is considered to be sufficiently enlarged to permit eventration. Called also closed castration.
elastrator castration
female castration
removal of the ovaries, or bilateral oophorectomy; spaying.
male castration
removal of the testes, or bilateral orchiectomy.
mutilatory castration
castration of companion animal males is thought by some to be an unnecessary mutilation. The view applies particularly to dogs. In the conflict between the animal liberators and those concerned with restraining the growth of the cat and dog populations, the zero population growth advocates hold most of the cards.
open castration
incision through the tunica vaginalis. Compare with covered castration (above).
prepubertal castration
in sheep, castration of males before puberty may result in a greater risk of subsequent obstructive urolithiasis because of failure of the urethra to fully develop its potential for dilatation.
castration-responsive dermatosis
some dogs with hyposomatotropism or growth hormone-responsive dermatosis will regrow hair after castration. The etiology is unclear.
standing castration
one done under sedation with local anesthetic with the animal standing. Most commonly done in horses.
References in periodicals archive ?
Several states including California and Texas mandate castration to repeat sex offenders, with Texas being the first to offer the surgery to voluntary repeat offenders.
Castration is applied to make these animals easier to manage, avoid haphazard mating, obtain better quality cubs and prevent the smell caused by androgens in male animals (Turkoglu, 1985).
Surgical or medical castration is the gold standard of therapy in patients with metastatic carcinoma [2,3] and may be required in a number of patients who are initially treated with radical surgery or radiotherapy.
Before one begins to conjure up lurid visions of physical mutilation, it is useful to clarify here that castration here refers to chemical castration.
But in 2013, the Justice Verma committee rejected the demand for castration, noting the punishment " fails to treat the social foundations of rape.
The post Indonesia to use chemical castration to punish paedophiles -- Attorney General appeared first on Cyprus Mail .
There are, for example, regular announcements by EA members that they have finally achieved a desired castration.
The Parliament of Kyrgyzstan failed to override the presidential objections to the bill on chemical castration of pedophiles on November 28, 2013.
Prophet Mohammad (PBUH) had banned castration, but if there is a chemical solution to make offenders lose interest in sex, then I believe castration should be allowed," Saud Bin Abdullah Al Fanisan, a former dean of the Sharia College at the Riyadh-based Imam University, said.
Castration and Culture in the Middle Ages, Cambridge, D.
Resolution 1945 (2013) requires a total ban on coerced sterilisation or castration, which are currently mainly directed against transgender people, Roma women and convicted sex offenders.