castration


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castration

 [kas-tra´shun]
excision of the gonads (bilateral orchiectomy in a male or bilateral oophorectomy in a female), or destruction of the gonads, as by radiation or parasites. If this occurs before puberty, secondary sex characters will fail to develop. See also eunuch.
female castration removal of the ovaries, or bilateral oophorectomy; called spaying in female animals.
male castration bilateral orchiectomy.

cas·tra·tion

(kas-trā'shŭn),
1. Removal of the testicles or ovaries.
2.

castration

The removal of gonads; castration occurs in various contexts:
1. Forensic–a controversial procedure intended to ↓ sexual drives in repeat sex offenders.
2. Pathologic–due to infection, which renders both testes functionally inactive–eg, with filariasis in elephantiasis.
3. Therapeutic–to remove the source of androgens in Pts with androgen-sensitive prostate CA–which can also be accomplished by RT. See Chemical castration, Medical castration, Surgical castration Psychiatry The fantasized loss of the genitals; a mental state of impotence, powerlessness, helplessness, or defeat Urology Surgical removal of testes in ♂ with androgen-dependent prostate CA.

cas·tra·tion

(kas-trā'shŭn)
1. Removal of the testicles or ovaries.
2. See: castration complex; castrate

castration

The removal of the testicles (orchidectomy or orchiectomy), or, sometimes, of all the male external genitalia. The term is also occasionally used to refer to the removal of the ovaries in women. Castration can be valuable in the treatment of androgen dependent cancer of the prostate gland, even if widespread.

castration

see EMASCULATION (2).

castration

or

gelding

) the removal of the testicles.

Huggins,

Charles B., Canadian-U.S. surgeon and Nobel laureate, 1901-1994.
Huggins operation - orchidectomy performed for palliation or cure of cancer of the prostate. Synonym(s): castration
References in periodicals archive ?
(2006), in their study on 2-7-month-old sheep, adopted both the burdizzo castration method and the elastic tape method and used Lidocaine as local anesthetic.
From the above discussion, it can be concluded that, hydrocele is one of the complications following castration and scrotal ablation is the best option for treatment.
Surgical or medical castration is the gold standard of therapy in patients with metastatic carcinoma [2,3] and may be required in a number of patients who are initially treated with radical surgery or radiotherapy.
* The report reviews pipeline therapeutics for Metastatic Hormone Refractory (Castration Resistant, Androgen-Independent) Prostate Cancer by companies and universities/research institutes based on information derived from company and industry-specific sources
Research suggests that chemical castration cuts the incidence of repeat offences substantially - which is why so many countries continue to use it to deal with child predators.
Madras HC was not the first to demand castration. In 2011, a Delhi Sessions Court Judge Kamini Lau had called for a nationwide debate on the issue.
In addition, Vale, Siemens, Johnson and Wassersug (2013) identified several risk factors for following through with extreme castration ideations.
* The report provides a snapshot of the global therapeutic landscape of Hormone Refractory (Castration Resistant, Androgen-Independent) Prostate Cancer
Chemical castration is performed through injection or tablets to remove sexual interest and make it impossible for a person to perform sexual acts.