The experiment was conducted in a randomized block design with four replications, using a 4 x 2 factorial arrangement, consisting of four plant densities (13,574, 24,512, 36,816, and 40,723 plants [ha.sup.-1]) of castor bean
and two crop systems (single crop, and intercrop with Urochloa ruziziensis between the castor bean
In view of the above, the objective of this study was to evaluate the genetic parameters of agronomic characters in castor bean
plant lineages and to quantify the genetic correlations between them.
Treatments resulted from the combination of four irrigation depths: 50, 75, 100 and 125% crop evapotranspiration, with four spacings of castor bean
, corresponding to (1 x 0.5 m), (1 x 1 m), (1 x 1.5 m) and (1 x 2 m), which represented 20,000, 10,000, 6,666 and 5,000 plants per hectare, concomitantly.
Despite being an important cash crop, castor bean
has never been realized as commercial crop in Pakistan and is grown on marginal land without giving much care and attention.
Canola, forage radish and black sunflower showed superior digestibility to castor bean
. This performance was possibly due to the lower lignification of DM and lower fiber concentration, reducing the rumenfilling effect.
Each predator couple was evaluated every 24 hours, with the supply of castor bean
pollen as food and the removal of the eggs.
In fact, in Mexico, castor beans
are used to make jewellery for tourists.
tested positive for ricin, a deadly toxin derived from castor beans
Pruning native plants can enhance seed dry weight, therefore leaf area would be increased which leads to more photosynthesis and seed storage materials [1,5] with the manipulation of the castor bean
growth through the pruning at different planting densities concluded that the nipping of the apical shoot at the 6th; 10th and 14th node of the main stem reduced the plant height, but it did not affect seed yield.
Azalea, Belladonna, Bird of paradise, Bulbs (hyacinth, narcissus family), Calla filly, Cardinal flower, Castor bean
Unrefined castor oil, also called the Palma Christi, contains ricin from the castor bean
, a counterirritant with marvelous lymphatic-stimulating and pain-relieving properties.