casein


Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Encyclopedia, Wikipedia.
Related to casein: casein paint

casein

 [ka´se-in]
a phosphoprotein, the principal protein of milk, that is the basis of curd and of cheese. Casein, usually in the form of one of its salts, is added to the other ingredients of the diet to increase its protein content. note: In British nomenclature casein is called caseinogen, and paracasein is called casein.

ca·sein

(cā'sē-in, kā'sēn),
The principal protein of cow's milk and the chief constituent of cheese. It is insoluble in water, soluble in dilute alkaline and salt solutions, forms a hard insoluble plastic with formaldehyde, and is used as a constituent of some glues; various components are designated α-, β-, and κ-caseins. β-Casein is converted to γ-casein by milk proteases. There are several isoforms of α-casein. κ-Casein is not precipitated by calcium ions.

casein

/ca·sein/ (ka´sēn) a phosphoprotein, the principal protein of milk, the basis of curd and of cheese. note: In British nomenclature casein is called caseinogen, and paracasein is called casein.

casein

(kā′sēn′, -sē-ĭn)
n.
A protein that is the major protein in the milk of most mammals. It is the basis of cheese and is used in food products and in certain adhesives and paints.

casein

a white powder protein that occurs naturally in milk. It contains phosphorus and sulfur and is regarded as a "complete protein" because it contains all essential amino acids. Casein is precipitated when milk turns sour.

ca·sein

(kā'sēn)
The principal protein of cow's milk and the chief constituent of cheese.

casein

A protein derived from CASEINOGEN in milk by the action of renin in the stomach.

casein

a milk protein precipitated out of milk in acid conditions or by the action of RENNIN. It is the principal protein in cheese.

casein

a phosphoprotein, the principal protein of milk, the basis of curd and of cheese. Called also caseinogen.

casein clot
the insoluble form of caseinogen produced by the action of rennin in the presence of calcium.
casein digestion
an identifying characteristic of Corynebacterium renale when grown on milk agar.

Patient discussion about casein

Q. Is it true that Casein protein can cause Cancer, or is harmful to the human body? Someone left a comment on my blog about Casein protein being bad for the body and that it could lead to Cancer. Is this true?

A. I am not familiar with such information, Casein is a protein that is found in large amounts in breastmilk and milk products replacements for babies and as far as I know it has no such affect.

Q. I keep on hearing about "gluten" and "casein". What are those? When I was researching about autism in the net, I keep on hearing about "gluten" and "casein". What are those?

A. These are protein fractions in wheat and milk. Research suggests they are not digested normally in most persons with autism but are incompletely broken down into absorbable molecules. Many people with autism show some improvement when these two dietary proteins are omitted.

More discussions about casein
References in periodicals archive ?
In brief, sterilization by heating: i) induces an increase in casein micelle size [28]; ii) creates a complex between [beta]-lactoglobulin and casein micelles [29]; iii) denatures the membranes of fat globules, affecting their agglomeration [30]; iv) increases the Maillard reaction between amino acids and reducing sugars in milk; and v) the solubility of calcium and phosphate was reduced due to their conversion into calcium phosphate salts [9].
Annora Brown, Shrubby Cinquefoil, 1960, watercolour and casein, Glenbow Museum, 60.
The rats were fed on basal diet having casein as source of protein, prepared according to Chonan and Watanuki (1995) containing 5% mineral-vitamin mixture, for a period of one week and randomly divided into 4 groups (A, B, C and D) having 06 rats in each group.
Fat from serum (50 mg) or casein (50 mg) was taken in a pear shaped flask and 1.
The group plans to keep making improvements, and she predicts this casein packaging will be on store shelves within 3 years.
Panel 4 The Negro was the largest source of labor to be found after all others had been exhausted, 1941, Jacob Lawrence, casein tempera on hardboard, 12 x 18 in.
Genetic polymorphism of casein in Italian Brown cows, Frequency of C variant at the -Cn locus.
USPRwire, Tue Sep 08 2015] Caseins are proteins found in milk; they have an essential amino acid composition, which is required for the development and growth of humans.
On the basis of type, the casein is segmented as edible casein and industrial casein.
In addition, human milk contains primarily whey proteins, whereas cow's milk has about 80% of its protein as casein.
Both dairy whey and casein have been shown to influence appetite, with whey more frequently being shown to have a greater effect in suppressing hunger and reducing subsequent food intake compared to casein.
Abstract A series of ambient self-crosslinkable acrylic resin/protein composite emulsions (PA-Ps) were prepared by copolymerizing the functional monomer acetyl acetylethyl methacrylate (AAEM) with methyl acrylate, butyl acrylate and acrylic acid, and then protein crosslinking agents such as gelatin and casein were also added.