caruncle(redirected from caruncles)
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a small fleshy eminence, often abnormal.
hymenal c's small elevations of mucous membrane around the vaginal opening, being relics of the ruptured hymen; called also myrtiform caruncles.
lacrimal caruncle the red eminence at the medial angle of the eye.
myrtiform c's hymenal caruncles.
sublingual caruncle an eminence on either side of the frenulum of the tongue (frenulum linguae), on which the major duct of the sublingual gland and the duct of the submandibular gland open.
urethral caruncle a small, polyploid, red growth on the mucous membrane of the female urinary meatus, sometimes causing difficulty in urination.
A small, fleshy protuberance, or any structure suggesting such a shape.
Synonym(s): caruncula (1) [TA]
1. Biology A fleshy naked outgrowth, such as a fowl's wattles.
2. Botany An outgrowth or appendage at or near the hilum of certain seeds, as of the castor-oil plant.
ca·run′cu·lar (-kyə-lər) adj.
ca·run′cu·late (-lĭt, -lāt′), ca·run′cu·lat′ed (-lā′tĭd) adj.
caruncleAnatomy A fleshy bump of mucocutaneous tissue–eg, the carunculae hymenales, the residua of a torn hymen; carucula lacrimalis, the reddish bump on the medial angle of the eye; carunculae sublinguaes, the bumps on either side of the frenulum, at the tops of which are the orifices of the sublingual salivary gland
ca·run·cu·la, pl. carunculae (kă-rŭng'kyū-lă, -lē) [TA]
A small, fleshy protuberance, or similarly shaped structure.
[L. a small fleshy mass, fr. caro, flesh]
1. A small fleshy protuberance which may be normal or abnormal depending on its location.
2. The small body at the inner corner of each eye.
- a small, fleshy swelling, such as the lacrimal caruncle which is the red prominance at the inner corner of the eye.
- a wart-like growth present on the seeds of some ANGIOSPERMS, such as the castor oil plant, near to the MICROPYLE. The seed caruncle has two functions:
- to aid imbibition of water during germination;
- to make the seed more attractive to birds and thus aid in dispersal.
Small, fleshy protuberance.