caruncle

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caruncle

 [kar´ung-k'l]
a small fleshy eminence, often abnormal.
hymenal c's small elevations of mucous membrane around the vaginal opening, being relics of the ruptured hymen; called also myrtiform caruncles.
lacrimal caruncle the red eminence at the medial angle of the eye.
myrtiform c's hymenal caruncles.
sublingual caruncle an eminence on either side of the frenulum of the tongue (frenulum linguae), on which the major duct of the sublingual gland and the duct of the submandibular gland open.
urethral caruncle a small, polyploid, red growth on the mucous membrane of the female urinary meatus, sometimes causing difficulty in urination.

ca·run·cle

(kar'ŭng-kil), [TA]
A small, fleshy protuberance, or any structure suggesting such a shape.
Synonym(s): caruncula (1) [TA]

caruncle

/car·un·cle/ (kar´ung-k'l) a small fleshy eminence, often abnormal.
hymenal caruncles  small elevations of the mucous membrane around the vaginal opening, being relics of the torn hymen.
lacrimal caruncle  the red eminence at the medial angle of the eye.
myrtiform caruncles  hymenal caruncles.
sublingual caruncle  an eminence on either side of the frenulum of the tongue, on which the major sublingual duct and the submandibular duct open.
urethral caruncle  a polypoid, deep red growth on the mucous membrane of the urinary meatus in women.

caruncle

(kə-rŭng′kəl, kăr′ŭng′-)
n.
1. Biology A fleshy naked outgrowth, such as a fowl's wattles.
2. Botany An outgrowth or appendage at or near the hilum of certain seeds, as of the castor-oil plant.

ca·run′cu·lar (-kyə-lər) adj.
ca·run′cu·late (-lĭt, -lāt′), ca·run′cu·lat′ed (-lā′tĭd) adj.

caruncle

[kär′ungkəl]
Etymology: L, caruncula, small piece of flesh
a small fleshy projection, such as one of the lacrimal caruncles at the inner canthus of the eye or the hymenal caruncles that are the hymenal remnants. Also called caruncula.

caruncle

Anatomy A fleshy bump of mucocutaneous tissue–eg, the carunculae hymenales, the residua of a torn hymen; carucula lacrimalis, the reddish bump on the medial angle of the eye; carunculae sublinguaes, the bumps on either side of the frenulum, at the tops of which are the orifices of the sublingual salivary gland

ca·run·cu·la

, pl. carunculae (kă-rŭng'kyū-lă, -lē) [TA]
A small, fleshy protuberance, or similarly shaped structure.
Synonym(s): caruncle.
[L. a small fleshy mass, fr. caro, flesh]

caruncle

1. A small fleshy protuberance which may be normal or abnormal depending on its location.
2. The small body at the inner corner of each eye.

caruncle

  1. a small, fleshy swelling, such as the lacrimal caruncle which is the red prominance at the inner corner of the eye.
  2. a wart-like growth present on the seeds of some ANGIOSPERMS, such as the castor oil plant, near to the MICROPYLE. The seed caruncle has two functions:
  3. to aid imbibition of water during germination;
  4. to make the seed more attractive to birds and thus aid in dispersal.

ca·run·cle

(kar'ŭng-kĕl) [TA]
Small, fleshy protuberance.

caruncle (ker´ungkəl),

n a small, fleshy growth.
n See caruncle, submandibular.
n the opening of the submandibular (Wharton's) duct that opens into the oral cavity on small papillae bilateral to the lingual frenum. See also gland, submandibular salivary.

caruncle

a small fleshy eminence, often abnormal.

hymenal c's
small elevations of mucous membrane around the vaginal opening, being relics of the ruptured hymen, especially of women.
lacrimal caruncle
the eminence at the medial angle of the eye.
maternal caruncle
see uterine caruncle (below).
sublingual caruncle
an eminence on either side of the frenulum of the tongue (frenulum linguae), on which the major duct of the sublingual gland and the duct of the submandibular gland open.
uterine caruncle
fleshy masses on the wall of the uterus of pregnant ruminants. The placenta is attached only at these points. There are about 100 of them and they are very much smaller in the nonpregnant female.
References in periodicals archive ?
When a stag is feeling particularly amorous the caruncles and snood become a very bright red, or blue, making them attractive to the hen.
It was found the predominance of frenulum with fixing in the middle third and sublingual caruncles and between the middle third and the apex and the inferior alveolar crest, normal and altered, respectively.
Urethral caruncles are considered to be neither neoplastic nor preneoplastic lesions.
Hemorrhages are possible on injury to caruncles at time of forceful handling of placenta or intra uterine manipulations.
The echogenicity resembled amongst caruncles from 5th to 15th day post partum, but with a linear decrease in their length and width.
The prolapsed mass was lifted above ischial arch to drain out urine from bladder and placenta was removed using finger tips from maternal caruncles.
Partially attached foetal membranes were gently detached without injury to caruncles (Fig.
It normally occurs during third stage of parturition at time when fetus has been expelled and fetal cotyledons have separated from maternal caruncles (Noakes et al.
The fetal membranes were detached manually with fingertips from maternal caruncles avoiding bleeding.
Prolapse of uterus normally occurs during third stage of parturition, when fetus has been expelled and fetal cotyledons have separated from maternal caruncles (Arthur, 2001).
The cause of prolapse of uterus was not clear, but there is no doubt that it occurs during the third stage of labor, within a few hours of expulsion of calf and at a time when some of fetal cotyledons have separated from maternal caruncles.
Some caruncles were injured due to mechanical trauma and blood clotting was observed on injured areas of prolapsed mass.