caruncle


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caruncle

 [kar´ung-k'l]
a small fleshy eminence, often abnormal.
hymenal c's small elevations of mucous membrane around the vaginal opening, being relics of the ruptured hymen; called also myrtiform caruncles.
lacrimal caruncle the red eminence at the medial angle of the eye.
myrtiform c's hymenal caruncles.
sublingual caruncle an eminence on either side of the frenulum of the tongue (frenulum linguae), on which the major duct of the sublingual gland and the duct of the submandibular gland open.
urethral caruncle a small, polyploid, red growth on the mucous membrane of the female urinary meatus, sometimes causing difficulty in urination.

ca·run·cle

(kar'ŭng-kil), [TA]
A small, fleshy protuberance, or any structure suggesting such a shape.
Synonym(s): caruncula (1) [TA]

caruncle

(kə-rŭng′kəl, kăr′ŭng′-)
n.
1. Biology A fleshy naked outgrowth, such as a fowl's wattles.
2. Botany An outgrowth or appendage at or near the hilum of certain seeds, as of the castor-oil plant.

ca·run′cu·lar (-kyə-lər) adj.
ca·run′cu·late (-lĭt, -lāt′), ca·run′cu·lat′ed (-lā′tĭd) adj.

caruncle

Anatomy A fleshy bump of mucocutaneous tissue–eg, the carunculae hymenales, the residua of a torn hymen; carucula lacrimalis, the reddish bump on the medial angle of the eye; carunculae sublinguaes, the bumps on either side of the frenulum, at the tops of which are the orifices of the sublingual salivary gland

ca·run·cu·la

, pl. carunculae (kă-rŭng'kyū-lă, -lē) [TA]
A small, fleshy protuberance, or similarly shaped structure.
Synonym(s): caruncle.
[L. a small fleshy mass, fr. caro, flesh]

caruncle

1. A small fleshy protuberance which may be normal or abnormal depending on its location.
2. The small body at the inner corner of each eye.

caruncle

  1. a small, fleshy swelling, such as the lacrimal caruncle which is the red prominance at the inner corner of the eye.
  2. a wart-like growth present on the seeds of some ANGIOSPERMS, such as the castor oil plant, near to the MICROPYLE. The seed caruncle has two functions:
  3. to aid imbibition of water during germination;
  4. to make the seed more attractive to birds and thus aid in dispersal.

ca·run·cle

(kar'ŭng-kĕl) [TA]
Small, fleshy protuberance.
References in periodicals archive ?
Urethral caruncle was first described by Samuel Sharp in 1750 [2, 5].
Such lesions may be multiple and appear in the caruncle or fornix.
In domestic animals dog and cat, the mandibular duct leaves the deep surface of the gland, crossing along the face of the occipitomandibular part of the digastric and styloglossus muscles, and opens at the sublingual caruncle in the mouth, little evident and near the frenulum (ELLENPORT, 1986; SCHALLER et al., 1999).
The specimens differ with respect to the length of the caruncle, which extends to the posterior edge of chaetiger 3 in the new material.
Sebaceous gland carcinoma (SGC) is a highly malignant and potentially lethal tumor that arises from meibomian glands of the tarsal plate, from glands of Zeis or from sebaceous glands of the caruncle, eye brow or facial skin (1).
0.2 mm long, distinct to the base and spreading perpendicularly, straight, undivided; stigma capitate; capsules on gynophores exserted 0.3 to 1.4 mm, narrowly to broadly ovoid, 0.9-1.1 mm long, 1.11.2 mm wide, 3-lobed, slightly sulcate between the carpels, columella 0.6-0.9 mm long; seeds elliptic to oblong-ovoid in abaxial outline, quadrangular in cross section, 0.7-0.9 mm long, 0.4 mm wide, bluntly pointed at the apex, rounded to truncate at the base, dorsal angle acute, subcarinate, uninterrupted, testa orangish-red to light brown, appearing smooth, but with obscure longitudinal rows of cells barely visible under 20X magnification, caruncle absent.
Whole placentomes (the part of the placenta where nutrient exchange occurs between the fetus and dam), were collected at day 75 of gestation and separated into fetal cotyledon (COT) and maternal caruncle (CAR) tissues.
Her medical history was remarkable for an uncomplicated urethral caruncle excision 12 years prior.
Symptoms and signs of GO Symptoms Signs Excessive lacrimation Palpebral edema Burning sensation Palpebral hyperemia Gritty sensation Increased palpebral width Spontaneous ocular pain Lid retraction Ocular pain with eye movements Edema of the caruncle Photophobia Conjunctival hyperemia Diplopia Chemosis Blurred vision Lagophtalmos Sight loss Proptosis Increased intra-ocular pressure Restriction of eye movements Kerititis and corneal ulcers Optic neuropathy
Galdos's sketch of the bird--with the visible crest, the caruncle, and even the threatening appearance--matches up well with the textual description:
"Those that are away from the eyeball in the eyelid, caruncle, or fornix have a bad prognosis."
(Caruncle, incidentally, is the fleshy red skin round a turkey's neck.