carrageenan

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car·ra·gee·nan

, carrageenin (kar'ă-gē'nan, -nin),
A polysaccharide vegetable gum obtained from Irish moss; a galactosan sulfate resembling agar in molecular structure.
Synonym(s): carrageen (2) , carragheen
[Carragheen, Irish village]
Farlex Partner Medical Dictionary © Farlex 2012

carrageenan

, carrageenin (kar?a-gen'an) [ carrageen]
The colloid extract from carrageen, used as a demulcent and thickening agent in medicines and foods.
Synonym: Irish moss See: carrageen; Chondrus
Medical Dictionary, © 2009 Farlex and Partners
References in periodicals archive ?
Hyperplastic mucosal changes in the rabbit colon produced by degraded carrageenin. Gastroenterology 59:760-768 (1970).
Using an eyedropper, drop one of the colors onto the carrageenin bath to check flotation and spreadability.
RESULTS: There was significant reduction in the amount of rat paw volume in carrageenin model, i.e.
The sub-plantar injection of carrageenin induced paw edema in group 1st rats (control) which was measured in terms of volume (ml) as 0.26 -+ 0.01, 0.84 -+ 0.09, 0.94 -+ 0.06 and 0.79 -+ 0.11 at 1, 2, 3 and 4 h respectively.
In order to determine the effects of the addition of probiotic bacteria on the inflammatory and hematological response in Nile tilapia, fish were fed diets containing Lactobacillus plantarum isolated from tilapia after carrageenin or saline injection in the swim bladder.
0.1ml of 1% freshly prepared suspension of carrageenin was administered into the sub-planter region of the right hind paws to lead to the formation of edema in situ due to localized inflammation.
In Brazil, Matushima and Mariano (1996) injected carrageenin in the swim bladder of tilapia (Oreochromis niloticus Linnaeus, 1758) and demonstrated an inflammatory reaction composed of vascular congestion, thrombocytes, rare granulocytes and oedema.
Carrageenin induced hind paw inflammation is a neutrophil-mediated acute inflammatory response that produce hind paw swelling, erythema and localized hyperthermia (15).