Traumatic aneurysm and carotid-cavernous fistula
following transsphenoidal approach to a pituitary adenoma: treatment by transcranial operation.
Ocular manifestations and prognosis of secondary glaucoma in patients with carotid-cavernous fistula.
Indications for treatment and classification of 132 carotid-cavernous fistulas.
Endovascular embolization of recurrent traumatic carotid-cavernous fistulas managed previously with detachable balloons.
c and d Left ICA angiography showing the high-grade stenosis (white arrow) and a direct carotid-cavernous fistula (CCF) that drained into contralateral cavernous sinus via the intercavernous sinuses, and posteriorly into the internal jugular veins through the inferior petrosal sinuses.
Direct carotid-cavernous fistula presenting with minimal symptoms and rapid angiographic progression.
Intracranial stent placement for the treatment of a carotid-cavernous fistula associated with intracranial angioplasty.
Stereotactic radiosurgery in the treatment of a dural carotid-cavernous fistula.
Management of carotid-cavernous fistulas by surgery combined with interventional radiology.
Diagnosis and endovascular treatment of spontaneous direct carotid-cavernous fistula.
Successful transarterial embolization of a barrow type D dural carotid-cavernous fistula with ethylene vinyl alcohol copolymer (Onyx).
TCE has replaced surgery in curing carotid-cavernous fistulas