carotid arteries

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Related to carotid arteries: Jugular veins

com·mon ca·rot·id ar·ter·y

origin, right from brachiocephalic, left from arch of aorta; runs superiorly in the neck and divides opposite upper border of thyroid cartilage (C-4 vertebral level) into terminal branches, external and internal carotid.
Synonym(s): arteria carotis communis [TA]

Carotid arteries

The four principal arteries of the neck and head. There are two common carotid arteries, each of which divides into the two main branches (internal and external).
Mentioned in: Endarterectomy
Figure 1: The brain viewed from the left showing the lobes of the cerebral hemisphere, the cerebellum and the lower parts of the brain stem in continuity with the spinal cord. Coloured area: the position of the ventricles, lying deep in the brain, containing cerebrospinal fluid and continuous with the central canal of the spinal cord.

carotid arteries

the principal arteries on each side of the neck, providing a major part of the blood supply to the head and neck. Where each common carotid artery divides into external and internal branches, there is a dilatation, the carotid sinus; nerve endings in its walls (baroreceptors) are sensitive to stretch caused by rising arterial blood pressure, and via connections to the brain stem lead to reflex slowing of the heart rate and thus a corrective fall in pressure (baroreflex). The internal carotid artery enters the base of the skull to reach the brain; the external carotid artery provides branches that supply the extracranial tissues of the head and neck. Figure 1.
References in periodicals archive ?
Retropharyngeal carotid arteries occur when the cervical portion of the carotid artery is displaced medially.
Patients with clogged carotid arteries have had limited choices for clearing the blockage and preventing a stroke.
The carotid arteries are the main conduits through which blood flows from the heart to the brain.
The Enroute TPS provides a minimally invasive treatment for certain patients whose tortuous (twisted) or diseased vasculature does not permit access via the groin for treating their narrowed carotid arteries.
The carotid arteries in the neck supply blood to the brain.
In patient 2, a 26-year-old woman, we identified an anomalous course of the carotid arteries in the retropharyngeal area.
The investigators examined the carotid arteries of apparently healthy people aged 41, 51, 61, or 71 years in 1993 and 1994 by using B-mode ultrasound.
They found that people living in zip codes with the highest average levels of fine-particulate-matter pollution were significantly more likely to show signs of narrowing (stenosis) in their internal carotid arteries, compared to those living in zip codes with the lowest pollution levels.
Health and Public Policy Committee, American College of Physicians, "Diagnostic Evaluation of the Carotid Arteries.
When the carotid arteries are obstructed, patients are at an increased risk for stroke, the third leading cause of death in the U.
The ANGIOGUARD(R) RX Emboli Capture Guidewire System was very easy to advance through a very tight lesion and the auto tapering of the PRECISE(R) RX Nitinol Self-Expanding Stent was apparent in the excellent wall apposition across the different sized internal and common carotid arteries.

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