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Related to carnitine deficiency: L-carnitine
a condition associated with many disorders of fatty acid oxidation. Fatty acids are linked to carnitine as they are transported across the inner mitochondrial membrane; errors in this process lead to problems with energy production; patients may experience episodes of hypoglycemia or metabolic acidosis and may have encephalopathy, cardiomyopathy or skeletal muscle weakness.
carnitine deficiencyA condition caused by decreased carnitine palmityl transferase; failure of carnitine transport in kidney, muscle, fibroblasts; cobalamin deficiency; electron transfer flavoprotein deficiency; Fanconi syndrome; isovaleric acidemia; medium-chain acylCoA dehydrogenase deficiency; methylmalonic; and propionic acidemias. Patients receiving valproate for seizure disorders may develop a toxicity syndrome with associated carnitine deficiency.
Myoglobinuria, renal failure, hypoglycaemia, hypotonia, hepatomegaly, hepatic coma, congestive heart failure, neurologic changes (progressive myasthenia, encephalopathy), lethargy, coma, death, cardiomegaly, cardiac arrest and impaired growth and development.
carnitine deficiencyMetabolic disease A condition caused by ↓ carnitine palmityl transferase, failure of carnitine transport in kidney, muscle, fibroblasts or cobalamin deficiency, electron transfer flavoprotein deficiency, Fanconi syndrome, isovaleric acidemia, medium chain acylCoA dehydrogenase deficiency, methylmalonic and propionic acidemias; Pts receiving valproate for seizure disorders may develop a toxicity syndrome with associated carnitine deficiency Clinical Myoglobinuria, renal failure, hypoglycemia, hypotonia, hepatomegaly, hepatic coma, CHF, neurologic changes–progressive myasthenia, encephalopathy, lethargy, coma, death, cardiomegaly, cardiac arrest, impaired growth and development
coenzyme of fatty acid oxidation and acetyl transfer; often designated vitamin BT, due to its vitamin role in Tenebrio sp. Present in high concentrations (5% dry weight) in meat extracts.
enzyme associated with buffering of acetyl groups from acetyl CoA.
associated with myocardial disease in dogs, particularly Boxers.