Caption: A beautiful crown was put on this cracked carnassial (which are most commonly cracked and broken teeth).
The immediate approach would be to remove the tooth, but if it is one of those big carnassials or a canine that helps a dog hold or retrieve items, another option would be to leave the tooth and make an appointment with a specialist who could perform a root canal and perhaps place a crown on the tooth, preserving its use.
The shape changes between the sexes were recorded in the form of canines and carnassials
, and significant changes were in the shape of the coronoid process, angular process and masseteric fossa (LM 5, 8, 9).
Finally, Afrocyon differs from Myacyon by the lesser developed carnassials (P4/m1), and the minor size of the parastyle in the P4.
Myacyon is close to Afrocyon, but the tendency to elongate the carnassials, in the case of the P4 in addition developing a strong parastyle, led to some of these forms being previously related to Agnotherium (Kurten, 1976; Morales and Pickford, 2005) but the retention of relatively large post-carnassial molars renders this proposal unlikely.
maculatus maculatus) among all three geographic regions where this subspecies occurs, except for lower carnassial length (LCL).
All five species of dasyuroids are significantly sexually size dimorphic (SSD) for all characters, except for lower carnassial length (LCL) in devils, where females are slightly larger than males.
According to Ginsburg and Morales (1995), primitive Hemicyonidae with a tendency towards hypercarnivory and well-developed carnassials (P4 and m1).
According to Ginsburg and Morales (1995), Hemicyonidae with lower carnassials than those of the Phoberocyoninae, longer upper molars with a tendency towards increasing the lingual-distal cingulum turning to be more quadrangular than those found in the Phoberyocioninae, more reduced premolars except for the P4 and an increase in size throughout the Miocene.
Secondly, according to Ficcarelli and Torre (1970), the lower carnassial (m1) is longer relatively to p4 in type species (Adcrocuta eximia) as compare to (Percrocuta carnifex), and the specimens under study have these characters, (Tables I, II).
graeca), because in Hyaenictis graeca, lower carnassial is long without any trace of metaconid, talonid is substantial, broad and irregularly square and not narrow posteriorly.
The cranial measurements of the one adult, unsexed specimen were as follows: greatest length of skull, 121; condyloincisive length, 119; condylocanine length, 109.4; palatal length, 58.1; length of rostrum, 44.3; breadth across upper carnassial
tooth, 5.9; interorbital constriction, 24.8; postorbital constriction, 29.6; zygomatic breadth, 65.3; breadth of braincase, 44.6; mastoid breadth, 45.9; length of maxillary toothrow, 50.1.