1. the customary amount and kind of food and drink taken by a person from day to day.
2. more narrowly, a regimen of food intake planned to meet specific requirements of the individual, including or excluding certain foods. See also nutrition.
acid-ash diet a special diet prescribed to increase the acidity of the urine so that alkaline salts will remain in solution. The diet may be given to aid in the elimination of fluid in certain kinds of edema, in the treatment of some types of urinary tract infection, and to inhibit the formation of alkaline urinary calculi. Meat, fish, eggs, and cereals are emphasized, with little fruit and vegetables and no milk or cheese.
alkali-ash diet a therapeutic diet prescribed to increase the alkalinity of the urine and dissolve uric acid and cystine urinary calculi. This type of diet changes the urinary pH so that certain salts are kept in solution and excreted in the urine. Emphasis is placed on fruits, vegetables, and milk. Meat, eggs, bread, and cereals are restricted.
bland diet one that is free from any irritating or stimulating foods.
pproach to S
ypertension) a diet high in fruits, vegetables, and low-fat dairy products; low in saturated and total fats; low in cholesterol; and high in fiber. Research studies support the hypothesis that this diet reduces blood pressure
and may play a role in prevention of high blood pressure
elemental diet one consisting of a well-balanced, residue-free mixture of all essential and nonessential amino acids combined with simple sugars, electrolytes, trace elements, and vitamins.
elimination diet one for diagnosis of food allergy, based on omission of foods that might cause symptoms in the patient.
a controversial diet for children with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder
, which excludes artificial colorings and flavorings, preservatives, and salicylates. The national institutes of health
consensus statement, Diagnosis and Treatment of Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder,
notes that exclusion diets like this are an area warranting additional research.
high calorie diet one that furnishes more calories than needed to maintain weight, often more than 3500–4000 calories per day.
high fat diet
one that furnishes more than 35 per cent of its total calories from fats
; see also ketogenic diet
high fiber diet one high in dietary fiber (typically more than 24 g daily), which decreases bowel transit time and relieves constipation.
high protein diet one containing large amounts of protein, consisting largely of meats, fish, milk, legumes, and nuts.
one that produces ketones or acetones, or mild acidosis, such as one that is low in calories with insufficient carbohydrate and protein; it is occasionally used in the treatment of epilepsy. See also low fat diet
low calorie diet one containing fewer calories than needed to maintain weight, e.g., less than 1200 calories per day for an adult.
low fat diet one containing limited amounts of fat.
low purine diet one for mitigation of gout, omitting meat, fowl, and fish and substituting milk, eggs, cheese, and vegetable protein.
low residue diet
one with a minimum of cellulose and fiber and restriction of connective tissue found in certain cuts of meat. It is prescribed for irritations of the intestinal tract, after surgery of the large intestine, in partial intestinal obstruction, or when limited bowel movements are desirable, as in colostomy patients. Called also low fiber diet
and minimal residue diet
low tyramine diet a special diet required by patients receiving MAO inhibitors. Foods containing tyramine include aged cheeses, red wine, beer, cream, chocolate, and yeast.
protein-sparing diet one consisting only of liquid protein or liquid mixtures of proteins, vitamins, and minerals, containing no more than 600 calories; it is designed to maintain a favorable nitrogen balance. Such diets have been used in weight loss programs, but are used only rarely now, usually only in inpatient settings.
Miller-Keane Encyclopedia and Dictionary of Medicine, Nursing, and Allied Health, Seventh Edition. © 2003 by Saunders, an imprint of Elsevier, Inc. All rights reserved.
Patient discussion about diet
Q. What are the most common diets? when does a diet become dangerous to one's health?
A. any diet that was not approved by a nutritionist is dangerous. there a great amount of diets out there (believe me i tried most of the:) )and not all of them are healthy.
there is great importance for eating a stable amount of calories that won't be less or more then what you need. depends on things like how much physical activity you are doing and such.
another thing to notice- your body needs protein, carbon, vitamins and such- try not to pass them.
Q. where would i find information about diet and nutriton?
A. So you see that all my questions turn around you - you Jay. Because you are unique in this universe. You have your habit, hobbies and your preferences to live. A diet should be something that you can live easy going with. Else it is a torture. How many medication did you take in the past? Do you eat microwave-oven-food? Do you have such a device at home? Do you eat Tofu? Do you eat genetic-modified food? Do you eat the vegetables of your garden? Where would you buy your food for a healthy nutrition? In the supermarket, directly from a bio-farmer, or do you go every day three times a day in the restaurant "By Fernando" - the Italian, because of his fine pizzas and fantastic espresso? Start to write down what you like, what you don't like and where you buy the different things. Then visit a dietetist. Look to be guided. With the muscle-test you could find out which kind of food is good for you and which not. Here you find something about sugar:
Q. Diet and Exercise Really Work? The greatest wealth is health. So Does Diet and Exercise Really Work?
A. Yes, IT IS! More discussions about diet
If you choose only to limit your diet, you will have some benefits for your health.
If you choose only to do regular workout, you will also have some healthy benefits for that.
If you combine those two, you will surely double up the benefits for your health, hehehe..
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