This article identifies best practices and evidence-based strategies for creating an online learning environment that encompasses caring behaviors
and promotes social presence.
Our study, however, contradicts these findings, as both Latino and African American groups most frequently mentioned aspects of teachers' academic support as evidence of caring behavior
. As a matter of fact, Latino students identified behaviors pertaining to academic support more than four times as often as they mentioned teachers taking a personal interest in students.
She found that teachers most frequently exhibited caring behaviors
related to fostering student growth.
It is the continual expression of caring behaviors
that develops the trusting relationships in which growth can occur.
Replication studies testing the competence of the nurse revealed nurses report they provide loving kindness to patients as the first of 10 caring behaviors
(Julian, 2011; Tinker, Sweetenham, & Nelson, 2011).
Other problems that often accompany poverty - dangerous and depleted neighborhoods; crowded, unhealthy living conditions; inadequate schools; limited access to health care and other services; and single and/or teen parenthood - all bring stress to the family and increase the risk that affected children will not develop caring behaviors
In order for students to learn caring behaviors
, it is crucial for nurse educators to model those behaviors to colleagues and students by:
Faculty modeling of caring behaviors
is a key determinant in the development of caring in nursing students.
Few of these studies, however, have focused on nurse caring behaviors
. Tworek and Kim (1981) described the nurse's role in preoperative teaching, medication administration, record keeping, and physical assessment of patients undergoing cardiac catheterization.
are almost exclusively described in the context of an ongoing relationship rather than as a single generous act, such as helping a stranger who has fallen down in the hallway or on the street.
It challenges educators to facilitate the acquisition of and model caring behaviors
. And it challenges clinicians to incorporate caring behaviors
into their practice.
In surveys completed by teachers about what they wanted from principals in creating a positive school climate, they felt it was essential to: (1) treat students and teachers fairly and equally; (2) communicate with students and teachers; (3) support students and teachers; (4) model caring behaviors
; (5) be visible and available; (6) lead learning; (7) focus on teaching and learning; and (8) create opportunities for professional learning.