40, 41); (2) pectines extending up to or beyond distal ends of coxa IV (females) or trochanter IV (males); higher pectine tooth counts: males 49-59 (n = 34 combs), females 32-43 (n = 26 combs); (3) more moderately developed carination and finer granulation on the carapace and tergites; central lateral carinae of carapace weaker, may be partially broken, and often not fully fused and continuous with posterior median carinae; conjunction of central lateral and posterior median carinae forming a strongly curved lyre configuration (Fig.
The adaptive significance of other traits, such as longer pectines, reduced carination, more enlarged metasoma II, and degenerated tibial spurs is unclear.
Rim interior diameter = 20 cm, rim exterior diameter = 25.5 cm, shoulder diameter = 26 cm (pr), shoulder carination to rim height = 8.2 cm, vessel height = 18.4 cm.
Rim interior diameter = 17.2 cm (pr), rim exterior diameter = 19.6 cm (pr), shoulder diameter = 18 cm (pr), shoulder carination to rim height = 4.4 cm, vessel height = 10 cm (pr).
of segments IV-V appears the most useful for the identification of Colombian species.
Carinated lower wall with vertical sides; vertical handle attachment preserved, starting from carination
. Wholly painted.
82-118) categorized kettles into nine types, each with subtypes and variants: 1) kettles with walls of multiple sheets; 2) two-handled kettles with single-part walls; 3) round-bottomed kettles with carination
; 4) kettles with shoulder carination
; 5) kettles with ring handles; 6) MM tripod kettles; 7) cylindrical tripod kettles with horizontal handles; 8) round-bottomed tripod kettles with collar rim; and 9) round-bottomed tripod kettles with incurved rim.