Basically, the function of the cardiovascular and pulmonary systems is to maintain the cellular respiration and nutrition process, and one way of assessing this function is through the analysis of V[O.sub.2] and the production of carbon dioxide (VC[O.sub.2]), which in turn vary with therefore, the use of a cardiopulmonary exercise test
in which V[O.sub.2] and VC[O.sub.2] can be determined directly, ultimately reflects the integrity of these systems as well as their adaptations during exercise (Neto and contributors, 2001).
A maximal cardiopulmonary exercise test
was performed on the first visit, and the Fatmax test was performed on the second visit.
Patients' inability to perform a preoperative cardiopulmonary exercise test
or demonstrate an anaerobic threshold is associated with inferior outcomes after major colorectal surgery.
One of the ideal methods for calculating the maximum exercise capacity is the cardiopulmonary exercise test
. The advantage of the cardiopulmonary exercise test
is the patient's ability to comply with the program, and the tolerability of the exercise.
Two patients underwent the cardiopulmonary exercise test
. One patient had kyphoscoliosis and had undergone spinal surgery 2 years earlier.
Maximal and submaximal physiological responses obtained during cardiopulmonary exercise test
in stratified participants according to occupational exposure to particulate matter.
The following were determined: (a) blood pressure (BP), heart rate (HR); (b) oxygen consumption (VO2) at rest; (c) morphological characterization of the sample (weight, height, and estimated fat percentage); (d) cardiopulmonary exercise test
; and (e) 12 reps maximum (RM) test in the exercises proposed.
The present study highlights the value of chronotropic incompetence and heart rate recovery immediately after cardiopulmonary exercise test
as independent predictors of exercise capacity in patients with IPAH.
Following admission to the study, all subjects underwent an integrated maximal cardiopulmonary exercise test
on an electrically braked stationary cycle ergometer (Medical Graphics Corporation, Minneapolis; USA--Breeze Software integrated with the XScribe 5, Mortara Instrument Europe s.r.l.).
g., Bruce protocol), and a cardiopulmonary exercise test
. (23,24) Assessment of functional capacity has traditionally been done by merely asking patients the following: "How many flights of stairs can you climb or how many blocks can you walk?" However, patients vary in their recollection and may report overestimations or underestimations of their true functional capacity.
Significant increases in physical exercise capacities on cardiopulmonary exercise test
at the end of the 3rd month were observed in all patients.
They developed the walk test as an alternative to the standard maximal cardiopulmonary exercise test
, which is relatively expensive and can be impractical in some settings.