cardiac insufficiency


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heart fail·ure

1. inadequacy of the heart so that as a pump it fails to maintain the circulation of blood, with the result that congestion and edema develop in the tissues;
See also: forward heart failure, backward heart failure, right ventricular failure, left ventricular failure. Synonym(s): cardiac failure, cardiac insufficiency, congestive heart failure, myocardial insufficiency
2. resulting clinical syndromes include shortness of breath, pitting or nonpitting edema, enlarged tender liver, engorged neck veins, and pulmonary rales in various combinations.

heart failure

The loss of the heart’s ability to effectively pump blood, which may affect the right, left, or both sides of the heart. With the loss of pumping action on the right side, blood may back up into other areas of the body (e.g., the liver, GI tract, extremities); the heart may be unable to pump blood efficiently to or through the lungs.

Heart failure syndromes
Acute heart failure
Abrupt onset of dyspnoea, pulmonary oedema, left-sided heart disease.

Circulatory collapse 
Hypotension, oliguria, poor peripheral circulation, cold blue extremities.
• Cardiogenic—Acute left ventricular disease—e.g., acute myocardial infarction.
• Peripheral—e.g., blood loss, gram-negative septicaemia.

Chronic heart failure
Dyspnoea, poor exercise tolerance, peripheral oedema, two-pillow sleeping, chronic lung disease.

Heart failure signs at autopsy
Pulmonary and pedal oedema—sensitive but nonspecific; also, hepatic congestion, bilateral pleural effusions ± ascites, ventricular hypertrophy or dilation, clear history of heart failure or treatment with a diuretic, beta blocker, or ACE inhibitor.

cardiac insufficiency

Heart failure, see there.

heart fail·ure

(hahrt fāl'yŭr)
1. Inadequacy of the heart so that as a pump it fails to maintain the circulation of blood, with the result that congestion and edema develop in the tissues.
See also: forward heart failure, backward heart failure, right ventricular failure, left ventricular failure
Synonym(s): cardiac insufficiency, congestive heart failure, myocardial insufficiency.
2. Resulting clinical syndromes including shortness of breath, pitting edema, enlarged tender liver, engorged neck veins, and pulmonary rales in various combinations.

heart fail·ure

(hahrt fāl'yŭr)
1. Inadequacy of the heart so that as a pump it fails to maintain the circulation of blood, with the result that congestion and edema develop in the tissues.
2. Resulting clinical syndromes including shortness of breath, pitting edema, enlarged tender liver, and pulmonary rales in various combinations.

Patient discussion about cardiac insufficiency

Q. What Is the Treatment for Congestive Heart Failure? My mother is 76 years ols and has been suffering from a heart disease for many years. Lately she has developed congestive heart failure. How is this situation treated?

A. In addition to everything else, she might try CoQ10, a supplement available at most nutrition stores.

"Congestive heart failure has been strongly correlated with significantly low blood and tissue levels of CoQ10 ....

[In numerous studies] treatment with CoQ10 significantly improved heart muscle function while producing no adverse effects or drug interactions."

http://faculty.washington.edu/ely/coenzq10.html

Q. congestive heart failure how it works is it to do with fluid built up in your body

A. Congestive heart failure (CHF), or heart failure, is a condition in which the heart can't pump enough blood to the body's other organs. The "failing" heart keeps working but not as efficiently as it should. People with heart failure can't exert themselves because they become short of breath and tired.
As blood flow out of the heart slows, blood returning to the heart through the veins backs up, causing congestion in the tissues. Often swelling (edema) results. Most often there's swelling in the legs and ankles, but it can happen in other parts of the body, too. Sometimes fluid collects in the lungs and interferes with breathing, causing shortness of breath, especially when a person is lying down.
Heart failure also affects the kidneys' ability to dispose of sodium and water. The retained water increases the edema.

Q. describe the symptoms of congestive heart failure

A. From my own expierience, EM24 gave an accurate answer. My edema also affects my hands as well as ankles. I was given a Xopenex HFA inhaler to use if lungs are affected.

More discussions about cardiac insufficiency
References in periodicals archive ?
* p < 0.001 ** Sensitive *** Multi-resistant Table 3 Complications, Treatment Type, and Evolution of the Patients With Endocarditis Endocarditis (+) N = 27 Complications Embolism 4 (11.4%) Cardiac insufficiency 13 (37.1%) Sepsis 18 (51.4%) Type of Treatment Clinical 19 (70.4%) Surgical 8 (29.6%) Evolution Discharge 12 (44.4%) Death 15 (55.6%) Cause of Death Sepsis 8 (53.3%) Embolism 2 (13.3%) Cardiac insufficiency 5 (33.3%) Note: The values are presented as n (number of events) and percent.
Modern BNP POCT analyzers such as the Biosite Triage assay offer a fast and accurate method to differentiate those patients suffering from cardiac insufficiency from those that are not in heart failure.
"The influence of Crataegus on global cardiac insufficiency." Herz Gefabe, 1993; 11:516-24.
The cardiovascular diseases that were examined and their International Classification of Disease, 9th Revision (ICD-9) codes included hypertension (ICD-9 codes 401-405), myocardial infarction (ICD-9 code 410), angina (ICD-9 code 413), and cardiac insufficiency (ICD-9 code 428).
Postoperative MACE contains the performance of heart failure, cardiac insufficiency, cardiac asthma, severe arrhythmia, myocardial infarction and cardiac death.
In-utero invasive treatment should be considered only in cases in which poor prognostic factors are detected, including the development of polyhydramnios, ultrasound markers of cardiac insufficiency (i.e., tricuspid regurgitation, pulsatile umbilical vein and abnormal ductus venosus wave forms in the pump twin's circulation), and large acardiac twin with rapid growth.
LEFKOE[currency]A (CyHAN)- Ninety-one year-old well-known Islamic Scholar Sheikh Nazim Kybrysi was hospitalized due to respiratory and cardiac insufficiency at the Near East University (YDU) Hospital in Northern Cyprus.
Washington, Apr 25 (ANI): Researchers from Center for Applied Medical Research (CIMA) of the University of Navarra have found a key enzyme in the development of cardiac insufficiency.
Kahn enumerates the stress of air travel that can cause pulmonary embolism in passengers suffering from cardiac insufficiency or thrombic or venuous diseases.
In the Cardiac Insufficiency Bisoprolol Study II, all-cause mortality and sudden death were reduced in patients treated with bisoprolol compared with those on placebo (11.8% vs 17.3%; p < 0.0001 and 3.6% vs 6.3%, p < 0.002; respectively) regardless of age, NYHA functional class, and co-morbidities.21 A systematic literature search was conducted to identify randomized controlled trials of trimetazidine for HF.
SHEIKH NAZIM KIBRISy HOSPITALIZED: Ninety-one year-old well-known Islamic Scholar Sheikh Nazim Kybrysi was hospitalized due to respiratory and cardiac insufficiency at the Near East University (YDU) Hospital in Northern Cyprus.