The collected blood samples were immediately placed in heparinized tubes containing dichlorvos (5 [micro]L of 8 mg/mL dichlorvos in normal saline) for inhibition of carboxylesterase
, followed by centrifugation to obtain the plasma and stored at -80[degrees]C.
These authors found two bacterially inducible carboxylesterases
(CEs) in the silkworm's hemolymph, Bombyx mori.
The enzyme that catalyzes the hydrolysis of cholesteryl esters in macrophages is a carboxylesterase
Hydrolysis of organophosphorus insecticides by in vitro modified carboxylesterase
from Lucilia cuprina.
Abbreviations: HCE1 (CES1)/HCE2 (CES2), human carboxylesterase
1/2 (human cholesterase 1/2); SCN1NSCN1B, sodium channel, vciltage-gated channel protein, type 1 alpha/beta.
with broad substrate specificity causes organophosphorus, carbamate, and pyrethroid resistance in peach-potato aphids (Myzuspersicae).
It causes damage to the free amino acids in the hemolymph, decreases enzyme levels of intracellular lactate dehydrogenase, malate dehydrogenase, and esterase, and interferes with a variety of important metabolic enzymes, such as carboxylesterase
and glutathione S-transferase (Zhang & Zhao 1992; Jordao et al.
CPF produces neurotoxic effects via inhibition of ([beta]-esterases, including butyrylcholinesterase (BuChE), acetylcholinesterase (AChE), and carboxylesterase
(reviewed by Costa 2006).
(CE) enzymes catalyze the hydrolysis of esterified chemicals, including pesticides, drugs, and lipids.
Tissue distribution of cocaine methyl esterase and ethyl transferase activities: correlation with carboxylesterase
Table 1 shows the enzyme responses at 24 h following each host shift for carboxylesterase
(CarE), cytochrome-P450-dependent monooxygenase (P450) and glutathione S-transferase (GST)from biotypes B and Q on 55, 35 and 34 plant species, respectively.
Fatty acid ethyl ester synthase in rat adipose tissue and its relationship to carboxylesterase
. J Biol Chem 1992;267:23489-94.