carboxylesterase


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carboxylesterase

 [kahr-bok″sil-es´ter-ās]
an enzyme that catalyzes the hydrolysis of the esters of carboxylic acids.
References in periodicals archive ?
The collected blood samples were immediately placed in heparinized tubes containing dichlorvos (5 [micro]L of 8 mg/mL dichlorvos in normal saline) for inhibition of carboxylesterase [8], followed by centrifugation to obtain the plasma and stored at -80[degrees]C.
The enzyme that catalyzes the hydrolysis of cholesteryl esters in macrophages is a carboxylesterase (CE) protein.
Hydrolysis of organophosphorus insecticides by in vitro modified carboxylesterase from Lucilia cuprina.
Abbreviations: HCE1 (CES1)/HCE2 (CES2), human carboxylesterase 1/2 (human cholesterase 1/2); SCN1NSCN1B, sodium channel, vciltage-gated channel protein, type 1 alpha/beta.
A carboxylesterase with broad substrate specificity causes organophosphorus, carbamate, and pyrethroid resistance in peach-potato aphids (Myzuspersicae).
It causes damage to the free amino acids in the hemolymph, decreases enzyme levels of intracellular lactate dehydrogenase, malate dehydrogenase, and esterase, and interferes with a variety of important metabolic enzymes, such as carboxylesterase and glutathione S-transferase (Zhang & Zhao 1992; Jordao et al.
CPF produces neurotoxic effects via inhibition of ([beta]-esterases, including butyrylcholinesterase (BuChE), acetylcholinesterase (AChE), and carboxylesterase (reviewed by Costa 2006).
Carboxylesterase (CE) enzymes catalyze the hydrolysis of esterified chemicals, including pesticides, drugs, and lipids.
Table 1 shows the enzyme responses at 24 h following each host shift for carboxylesterase (CarE), cytochrome-P450-dependent monooxygenase (P450) and glutathione S-transferase (GST)from biotypes B and Q on 55, 35 and 34 plant species, respectively.
Fatty acid ethyl ester synthase in rat adipose tissue and its relationship to carboxylesterase. J Biol Chem 1992;267:23489-94.