carbonyl

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carbonyl

 [kahr´bo-nil]
the divalent organic radical, C=O, characteristic of aldehydes, ketones, carboxylic acid, and esters.

car·bon·yl

(kar'bŏn-il),
The characteristic group, -C=O-, of the ketones, aldehydes, and organic acids.

carbonyl

/car·bon·yl/ (kahr´bah-nil) the bivalent organic radical, C:O, characteristic of aldehydes, ketones, carboxylic acid, and esters.

car·bon·yl

(kahr'bŏn-il)
The characteristic group, -CO-, of the ketones, aldehydes, and organic acids.

carbonyl

the bivalent organic radical, C=O or C:O, characteristic of aldehydes, ketones, carboxylic acid and esters.
References in periodicals archive ?
Oxidation products of the samples were analyzed for malondialdehyde (MDA), total sulfhydryl, protein carbonyl and advanced oxidation protein products (AOPPs) content.
Objective: To investigate the potential of carbonyl content as a biomarker for detecting oxidative Deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) damage induced Antiretroviral Theraphy (ART) toxicity and/or accelerated aging in HIV/AIDS patients.
Aldo-keto reductase family 1 B10 protein detoxifies dietary and lipid-derived alpha, beta-un-saturated carbonyls at physiological levels," Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications, vol.
The research also discovered that elevated carbonyl concentrations returned back to normal after complete resection in patients who had a malignant nodule.
All other subjects had an increase in carbonyl proteins and an even higher LLS-Score of 3 to 12 (Fig.
6) shows two carbonyl peaks at 170 and 173 ppm (carbons 11 and 10, respectively) as well as two resonances for the methylene groups of the ethyl esters (near 61 ppm), indicating each ester is different chemically.
Serum oxygen radical absorbance capacity (ORAC), plasma protein carbonyls, urinary F(2)-isoprostanes and resistance of low density lipoprotein (LDL) to ex vivo oxidation were measured before and after supplementation as markers of antioxidant status and oxidative stress.
The researchers of this study collected the following data: (a) air concentrations of VOCs, carbonyls, particulate matter, carbon monoxide, carbon dioxide, radon, and microorganisms; (b) values of temperature and relative humidity; (c) building characteristics; (d) HVAC characteristics; and (e) occupant perceptions of IAQ (Siple, 1999).
Protein carbonyls are considered as markers of oxidative stress (1).
After the tests were completed, the researchers analyzed tissue from different parts of the mice's brains and checked to see how much protein in different parts of the brain had been modified by free radicals to form chemical groups known as carbonyls.