carbonisation


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carbonisation

The conversion of an organic compound to carbon or to a carbonic residue, by pyrolysis (charring) or destructive distillation.
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Fuertes AB, Camps Arbestain M, Sevilla M, Macia-Agullo JA, Fiol S, Lopez R, Smernik RJ, Aitkenhead WP, Arce F, Macias F (2010) Chemical and structural properties of carbonaceous products obtained by pyrolysis and hydrothermal carbonisation of corn stover.
Kameyama K, Shinogi Y, Miyamoto T, Agarie K (2010) Estimation of net carbon sequestration potential with farmland application of bagasse charcoal: Life cycle inventory analysis through a pilot sugarcane bagasse carbonisation plant.
Part of the energy you're releasing by burning it is then used to dry it, whereas with hydrothermal carbonisation, you can take wet waste and, while you need some energy to heat it up a bit, you can use the heat as it decomposes to feed the production process.
Some German research groups are so enthused by the promise of hydrothermal carbonisation that they're calling green coal a genuine alternative to current technologies such as solar cells and wind turbines - and are planning on building a green coal pilot plant this year.
It is conceivable that this automatic carbonisation technology is applicable to wheat and barley chaff and other crop plant residues.
Wood vinegar is a liquid byproduct obtained from the carbonisation process by cooling the smoke emissions with air or water.
The Vane Tempest site in Seaham, County Durham, was a former colliery and included stockpiles of colliery spoil, railways sidings and a coal carbonisation plant.
It supports the introduction of more efficient carbonisation techniques for use by charcoal producers, and assists the makers of energy-efficient stoves with the production and marketing of their products.
Biomass can also be converted into carbonised material by hydrothermal carbonisation (HTC), and the final solid product of this process is termed 'hydrochar' (Titirici et al.
A further enhancement of this could be a carbonisation section which allows the user to produce carbonated water.
Duncan Ayscough celebrates the fluid lines of the vessel which are then exposed to a range of surface carbonisation techniques.