carbonic anhydrases


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carbonic anhydrases

ENZYMEs that reversibly catalyse the breakdown of carbonic acid into carbon dioxide and water, thus allowing the easy transfer of carbon dioxide from the tissues to the atmosphere via the blood and the lungs. In the stomach a carbonic anhydrase frees hydrogen ions for the formation of hydrochloric acid; and in the pancreas they produce bicarbonate to neutralize duodenal acid from the stomach.
References in periodicals archive ?
Transmembrane carbonic anhydrase isozymes IX and XII in the female mouse reproductive organs.
Identification of carbonic anhydrase XII as the membrane isozyme expressed in the normal human endometrial epithelium.
et at Immunohistochemical study of colorectal tumors for expression of a novel transmembrane carbonic anhydrase, MN/ CA IX, with potential value as a marker of cell proliferation.
Carbonic anhydrase IX is not an independent predictor of outcome for patients with clear cell renal cell carcinoma.
Role of carbonic anhydrase IX in human tumor cell growth, survival, and invasion.
Carbonic anhydrase IX expression in clear cell renal cell carcinoma: an immunohistochemical study comparing 2 antibodies.
PART II: DRUG DESIGN OF CARBONIC ANHYDRASE INHIBITORS AND ACTIVATORS.
Zinc Binding Functions in the Design of Carbonic Anhydrase Inhibitors (Jean-Yves Winum, Jean-Louis Montero, Andrea Scozzafava, and Claudiu T.
Hypoxia-inducible expression of tumor-associated carbonic anhydrases.
Staining for S100, CD68, and D2-40 was weak and scattered in both components of the collision tumor, while vimentin, neuron-specific enolase (NSE), and carbonic anhydrase IX (CA IX) showed strong immunoreactivity in both HAB and RCC cells.
Carbonic anhydrase antibody in sera from patients with endometriosis.
Endometriosis: identification by carbonic anhydrase autoantibodies and clinical features.