carbonic anhydrase


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anhydrase

 [an-hi´drās]
an enzyme that catalyzes the removal of water from a compound.
carbonic anhydrase an enzyme that catalyzes the decomposition of carbonic acid into carbon dioxide and water, facilitating transfer of carbon dioxide from tissues to blood and from blood to alveolar air.

car·bon·ic an·hy·drase

a zinc-containing enzyme that catalyzes the interconversion of CO2 with HCO3- and H+. There are at least seven human isozymes that appear predominantly in red blood cells, secretory tissues, and muscle. A deficiency of carbonic anhydrase II can result in osteopetrosis and metabolic acidosis. The inhibition of carbonic anhydrase IV and possibly carbonic anhydrase II by sulfonamides is a current therapy in the treatment of glaucoma.

carbonic anhydrase

an enzyme that accelerates the reaction between carbon dioxide and water to form carbonic acid in the red blood cells.
References in periodicals archive ?
Salinity-mediated carbonic anhydrase induction in the gills of the euryhaline green crab, Carcinus maenas.
Gros, "Carbonic anhydrase in human platelets: effects of carbonic anhydrase inhibition on platelet aggregation," Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences, vol.
Supuran, "Dipotassium-trioxohydroxytetrafluorotriborate, [K.sup.2][[B.sup.3][O.sup.3][F.sup.4]OH], is a potent inhibitor of human carbonic anhydrases," Journal of Enzyme Inhibition and Medicinal Chemistry, vol.
Carbonic anhydrase (CA IX) expression, a potential new intrinsic marker of hypoxia: Correlations with tumor oxygen measurements and prognosis in locally advanced carcinoma of the cervix.
Twelve carbonic anhydrase (CA) genes were identified from transcriptomes of Hydroides elegans, and named HeCAl, HeCA2, HeCA3, HeCA4, HeCA5, HeCA6, HeCA7, HeCA8, HeCA9, HeCAlO, HeCAl 1, and HeCA12 (Table 2).
Case 3###70###Female###Left###Beta blocker, Carbonic anhydrase inhibitors, Prostaglandin analogue,, alpha agonist
Acetazolamide is an enzyme inhibitor that acts on carbonic anhydrase specifically and catalyzes the reversible reaction of hydration of carbon dioxide and dehydration of carbonic acid.
These data are comparable to data from others, showing the effects of acetazolamide as a carbonic anhydrase inhibitor on HPV.