carbon disulfide


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car·bon di·sul·fide (CS2),

an extremely flammable (flashpoint -30°C), colorless, toxic liquid with a characteristic ethereal odor (fetid when impure); it is a parasiticide.
Synonym(s): carbon bisulfide

carbon disulfide

A highly flammable volatile liquid, absorbable through the skin, lungs and GI mucosa. It is a common building block in organic chemistry. It is used as a non-polar solvent to produce viscose rayon, cellophane, and carbon tetrachloride, as well as for fumigating grain, chemical analysis, degreasing, dry cleaning and oil extraction.
 
Toxicology
Neurotoxic, dermotoxic; it may retard growth and sensory development. It is teratogenic in rats; reproductive risk is uncertain, but likely.

carbon disulfide

(dī-sŭl′fīd)
A colorless liquid, CS2, that is toxic when it touches the skin or is inhaled or consumed. It may cause an alcohol-like intoxication, burns, stupor, coma, or death. It is used principally in the manufacture of products such as cellophane or rayon and sometimes causes occupational health-related illnesses in workers who produce these substances.

carbon disulfide

an inflammable, volatile liquid used for treatment of bot fly larvae in the stomach of horses. Administered by stomach tube. Mixed with air it is dangerously explosive. Excess doses cause excitement, weakness and collapse.
References in periodicals archive ?
Carbon disulfide as a good solvent could destroy the charge transfer force and association between oil shale components, resulting in an increased ease of penetration and diffusion of solvent mixtures.
The strength of this social learning on food choice is huge," says Galef, whose research has found that mixing carbon disulfide with rat poison draws four times as many rodents to the bait.
The method is very sensitive and can reveal very small traces of carbon disulfide.
Upon reflux of substituted hydrazide with quantitative amount of potassium hydroxide and carbon disulfide 134-oxadiazole-2-thiones (1-5) were obtained.
The current crisis with defective Chinese drywall that is diffusing low levels of sulfur compounds like hydrogen sulfide, carbonyl sulfide, carbon disulfide and others creates a serious concern as to the method of remediation.
The use of three types of columns enabled the resolution of the early eluting sulfur compounds, such as hydrogen sulfide, methanethiol, carbon disulfide and dimethyl sulfide.
Because of its low boiling point and good penetrability in pores of solid fossils such as coals and oil shales, carbon disulfide ([CS.
Studies were subsequently conducted to examine the loss of auditory sensitivity due to organic solvents such as toluene, xylene, styrene, n-hexane, trichloroethylene, carbon disulfide, petroleum, and mixed solvents (Chang et al.
Disk drive manufacturers have worked through the problems of carbon disulfide emissions from EPDM, particularly where the seals of bearings were made with this elastomer.
If more carbon than oxygen were dredged up, sulfur would combine with carbon to form carbon disulfide.
t) Chemicals for which more than 25% of sites had modeled or monitored levels that exceeded the associated health reference level in the United States: acetaldehyde, acrolein, arsenic, benzene, beryllium, carbon disulfide, carbon tetrachloride, chloroform, ethylene oxide, formaldehyde, hydrogen sulfide, methyl ethyl ketone, methyl isocyanate, methyl methacrylate, nitrobenzene, prerchloroethylene, phenol, phthalic anhydride, styrene tetramethyl lead, toluene diisocvanate, and vinyl chloride.
Toxicologists and industrial hygienists have identified four sulfur compound emissions in testing Chinese gypsum: carbon disulfide, carbonyl sulfide, hydrogen sulfide, and strontium sulfate (trace levels), at varying exposure levels, according to Manis.