carbamate


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Related to carbamate: ammonium carbamate, Methyl carbamate

car·ba·mate

(kar'bă-māt),
1. A salt or ester of carbamic acid forming the basis of urethane hypnotics.
2. A group of cholinesterase-inhibiting insecticides resembling organophosphates, carbaril.
Synonym(s): carbamoate
Farlex Partner Medical Dictionary © Farlex 2012

car·ba·mate

(kahr'bă-māt)
1. A salt or ester of carbamic acid, forming the basis of urethane hypnotics.
See also: physostigmine
2. A class of compounds that reversibly inhibit the enzyme acetylcholinesterase. Some are used as insecticides, others as medicines. One, pyridostigmine, is a preexposure antidotal enhancer (often incorrectly called "pretreatment") against the nerve agent soman; another, physostigmine, is used as an antidote to anticholinergic incapacitating agents.
Synonym(s): carbamoate.
Medical Dictionary for the Health Professions and Nursing © Farlex 2012

carbamate

a type of insecticide, related to the organophosphates, the first of which (carbaryl) was introduced in 1956.
Collins Dictionary of Biology, 3rd ed. © W. G. Hale, V. A. Saunders, J. P. Margham 2005
References in periodicals archive ?
Thus the combination of the above spectroscopic data with HMBC (Figure 2) information, compound 2 was finally characterized as bis[di-p-phenylmethane]ethyl carbamate, which is also a new natural carbamate derivative.
Primary amines react readily with atmospheric carbon dioxide and water vapor to form carbamate salts.
A variety of alcoholic beverages within the UK were analyzed for the presence of ethyl carbamate using an Ellutia 200 series GC interfaced to an 800 series TEA working in nitrogen detection mode.
The Raman band envelopes of aqueous solutions of ammonium carbonate, ammonium bicarbonate, and ammonium carbamate have been identified and analyzed [10] and form the basis for the previously reported speciation studies of the C[O.sub.2]-N[H.sub.3]-[H.sub.2]O system [11, 12].
Previous findings revealed that EC could be metabolised to its highly active epoxide form like vinyl carbamate epoxide, which could form DNA adducts eventually leading to DNA damage [27].
A total of 83 organochlorine pesticides, organophosphates and Carbamate were classified.
This study found high resistance to pyrethroid insecticide in all 7 study populations, no resistance to organophosphate, and patchy distribution of resistance to carbamate insecticide in An.
This study employed two acrylic carbamate functional polymers with a molecular weight of -15,000 in n-butyl acetate at ~70% solids by weight.
(13) The common agents causing poisoning in India appear to be pesticides (organophosphorus, organochlorine, carbamate, pyrethroids), sedative drugs, chemicals (corrosive acids, copper sulphate), alcohol, plant toxins (datura, oleander, strychnos, and gastro intestinal irritants such as castor, croton, calotropis etc) and household poisons (mostly cleaning agents).
micropeltes is the potential source for a cheap and local indicator of OP and carbamate insecticides in the tropics.