capsular patterns

capsular patterns (kapˑ·s·lr paˑ·trnz), the characteristic ranges of restricted movement ex-hibited by a joint. Examining this characteristic is common in assessing and treating persons diagnosed with arthritic conditions.
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Different capsular patterns of limitation of passive movement in articulations at the different joint areas (the shoulder and hip joints are complex joints containing several articulations) Joint examined Capsular pattern of limitation Shoulder External rotation > abduction > internal rotation Hip Internal rotation > abduction > external rotation Knee Flexion > extension Elbow Flexion > extension Wrist Flexion = extension Lumbar spine Limitation in all planes Cervical spine Limitation in all planes except flexion
Scenario 4: Capsular pattern of limitation at shoulder.