Campylobacter species are gram-negative, motile, termophilic and capnophilic
bacteria that need microaerobic conditions for optimal growth.
Surveillance of susceptibility patterns in 1297 European and US anaerobic and capnophilic
isolates to co-amoxiclav and five other antimicrobial agents.
meningitidis is cultured for 18-24 hours and grows best in a capnophilic
environment that requires 35-37[degrees]C incubation with 5% C[O.sub.2].
The system can also create microaerophilic (low levels of oxygen), and capnophilic
(high level of carbon dioxide) conditions through the application of a gas evacuation and replacement method.
The chocolate agar was incubated in a capnophilic
A.aphrophilus is a small, fastidious, gram-negative, capnophilic
The plates were incubated in a sealed bag for 72 hours at 37[degrees]C with atmospheric generators for capnophilic
bacteria by using Genbag C[O.sub.2] at 5% C[O.sub.2] and 15% [O.sub.2] (BioMerieux, Marcy l'Etoile, France) (9).
Candle jar method was mainly used for cultivation of capnophilic
organisms like Neisseria species, Haemophiius influenzae and Streptococcus pneumoniae since this technique produces additional (5-10%) C[O.sub.2] necessary for their growth, but there is no removal of residual O2].
The CBA plates were incubated at 37[degrees] C for 3 days under aerobic conditions and 5% C[O.sub.2] (capnophilic
are microaerophilic (optimal growth occurs with reduced oxygen levels at about 5% to 7%) and capnophilic
(optimal growth occurs with increased carbon dioxide at about 10%).
The Anoxomat Mark II anaerobic system is suited for cultivating anaerobic, micro-aerophilic and capnophilic
bacteria in labs.
E corrodens, a capnophilic
gram-negative rod that is part of the normal oral flora,  has been isolated from 25% of human bite wounds.