Luteal endothelial eNOS immunostaining was closely associated with peri-endothelial (capillary pericyte
and arteriolar smooth muscle) VEGF immunostaining.
Modified low-density lipoprotein (mLDL), associated with accelerated atherosclerosis in diabetes, may also induce injury of retinal capillary pericytes [13-16].
Wu et al., "Immune complex formation in human diabetic retina enhances toxicity of oxidized LDL towards retinal capillary pericytes," Journal of Lipid Research, vol.
Galla, "Brain capillary pericytes
contribute to the immune defense in response to cytokines or LPS in vitro," Brain Research, vol.
Duan, "Effect of total flavonoids of Astragalus on apoptosis of cultured bovine retinal capillary pericytes
under high glucose," China Journal of Traditional Chinese Medicine and Pharmacy, vol.
Bortnem et al., "Evidence for a role of capillary pericytes
in vascular growth of the developing ovine corpus luteum," Biology of Reproduction, vol.
The term haemangiopericytoma was for the first time used by Stout & Murray (1942) to designate a peculiar type of vascular tumour involving capillary pericytes
. Zimmermann (1923), pointed out that pericytes are modified SMCs that surround capillaries and modify the diameter of vascular lumen.
express one of the major angiogenic growth factors, vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF).
demonstrated that the oxidative stress was induced by modified LDL in DR; that is, the modified LDL exerted toxic effects on the capillary pericytes
Diabetes: loss of capillary pericytes
and thickening of the basement membrane leading to retinal ischemia