madder

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Related to cape jasmine: Gardenia jasminoides

mad·der

(mad'ĕr),
1. The dried and powdered root of Rubia tinctorum (family Rubiaceae); it contains several glycosides that produce the red dyes alizarin and purpurin on fermentation. When madder (or alizarin) is fed to young animals, the calcium in newly deposited bone salt, hydroxyapatite, is stained red.
2. Any dye obtained from plants of the madder family (Rubiaceae).
Synonym(s): Turkey red
[A.S. maedere]

madder

(măd′ĕr)
Root of the plant Rubia tinctorum, a source of the red dye alizarin.

madder (maˑ·dr),

n Latin name:
Rubia tinctorum; part used: roots; uses: kidney stones, paralysis, menstrual problems, jaundice; precautions: pregnancy, lactation, children; possible hepatotoxicity. Also called
dyer's madder, garance, krapp, madder root, or
robbia.