cantering rhythm


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gal·lop

(gal'ŏp),
A triple cadence to the heart sounds; due to an abnormal third or fourth heart sound being heard in addition to the first and second sounds, and usually indicative of serious disease.

cantering rhythm

Etymology: Canterbury gallop; Gk, rhythmos, beat
a pattern of three heart sounds in each cardiac cycle, resembling the canter of a horse. See also gallop.

gal·lop

, gallop rhythm (gal'ŏp, ridh'ŭm)
A triple cadence to the heart sounds due to an abnormal third or fourth heart sound being heard in addition to the first and second sounds; sometimes indicative of serious disease.
Synonym(s): cantering rhythm, Traube bruit.

rhythm

(rith'im) [Gr. rhythmos, measured motion]
1. A measured time or movement; regularity of occurrence of action or function.
2. In electroencephalography, the regular occurrence of an impulse. rhythmic (-mik), adjective

accelerated idioventricular rhythm

Abbreviation: AIVR
An abnormal ectopic cardiac rhythm originating in the ventricular conducting system. This may occur intermittently after myocardial infarction at a rate of 60 to 100 beats per minute. In this setting it is considered to be an indicator of successful reperfusion of the blocked coronary artery.

alpha rhythm

In electroencephalography, oscillations in electric potential occurring at a rate of 8 1 2 to 12 per second.

atrioventricular rhythm

The rhythmic discharges of impulses from the atrioventricular node that occur when the activity of the sinoatrial node is depressed or abolished. Synonym: nodal rhythm

beta rhythm

In electroencephalography, waves ranging in frequency from 15 to 30 per second and of lower voltage than alpha waves. This rhythm is more pronounced in the frontomotor leads.

bigeminal rhythm

The coupling of extrasystoles with previously normal beats of the heart.
See: bigeminal pulse

biological rhythm

The regular occurrence of certain phenomena in living organisms.
See: circadian rhythm; biological clock

cantering rhythm

Gallop.

cardiac rhythm

The predominant electrical activity of the heart. It may be determined by recording an electrocardiogram or by evaluating tracings made by a cardiac monitor.
See: cardiac cycle; electrocardiogram; conduction system of the heart

circadian rhythm

Diverse yet predictable changes in physiological variables, including sleep, appetite, temperature, and hormone secretion, over a 24-hr period. Synonym: diurnal rhythm

coupled rhythm

A rhythm in which every other heartbeat produces no pulse at the wrist.

delta rhythm

In electroencephalography, slow waves with a frequency of 4 or fewer per second and of relatively high voltage (20 to 200 µV). It may be found over the area of a gross lesion such as a tumor or hemorrhage.

diurnal rhythm

Circadian rhythm.

ectopic rhythm

A heart rhythm originating outside the sinoatrial node.

escape rhythm

A heart rhythm that arises from a junctional or ventricular source when impulses from the atria or atrioventricular node are blocked.

gallop rhythm

Gallop.

gamma rhythm

The 50-per-second rhythm seen in the electroencephalogram.

idioventricular rhythm

A cardiac rhythm that arises from pacemakers in ventricular muscle.

junctional rhythm

An electrocardiographic rhythm arising in the atrioventricular junction. It appears as an electrocardiogram as a narrow QRS complex that lacks an upright P wave preceding it.

normal sinus rhythm

The normal heart rhythm whose pacemaker is in the sinoatrial node and whose conduction through the atria, atrioventricular node, and ventricles is unimpaired. The interval between complexes is regular, the ventricular rate is 60 to 100, there are upright P waves in leads I and II, a negative P wave in lead AVR, a P-R interval of 0.12 to 0.20 sec, and one P wave preceding each QRS complex. Synonym: sinus rhthym

nyctohemeral rhythm

Day and night rhythm.

shockable rhythm

In emergency cardiac care, any of the following cardiac rhythm disturbances: ventricular fibrillation, pulseless ventricular tachycardia or some poorly tolerated supraventricular tachycardias, e.g., some instances of rapid atrial fibrillation, atrial flutter, or AV nodal re-entrant tachycardia. By contrast, asystole, pulseless electrical activity, heart blocks, and the bradycardias are not shockable. Defibrillation or cardioversion of these latter rhythms may result in injury to the patient.

sinus rhythm

Normal sinus rhythm.

theta rhythm

The 4- to 7-per-second rhythm seen in the electroencephalogram.

ventricular rhythm

1. The pace and synchrony of ventricular depolarization.
2. An escape rhythm that arises in the ventricles, typically with wide QRS complexes and a rate of 30 to 40 beats per minute.