canine distemper virus


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Related to canine distemper virus: Canine parvovirus, Infectious canine hepatitis

ca·nine dis·tem·per vi·rus

an RNA virus of the genus Morbillivirus, a member of the family Paramyxoviridae, which causes canine distemper.
Synonym(s): dog distemper virus

canine distemper virus

A single-stranded RNA virus of the family paramyxovirus, which infects domesticated canines and wild carnivores, including ferrets, lions, dolphins and seals.

Clinical findings
Transient fever followed by serous nasal and ocular discharge, acute encephalomyelitis and various CNS signs—spasms, hyperkinesia, myoclonus, convulsions and hypersalivation.
References in periodicals archive ?
Detection and differentiation of field and vaccine strains of canine distemper virus using reverse transcription followed by nested real time PCR (RT-nqPCR) and RFLP analysis.
Epizootic of canine distemper virus infection among urban raccoons and gray foxes.
Enzyme-linked Immunosorbent assay for evaluation of antibody to canine distemper virus. Am.
Accuracy of a point-of-care ELISA test kit for predicting the presence of protective canine parvovirus and canine distemper virus antibody concentrations in dogs.
The breed descended from a very small population of dogs that survived two devastating outbreaks of canine distemper virus in 1908 and 1912.
Canine parvovirus (a highly contagious virus that can cause severe vomiting and bloody diarrhea; most often seen in puppies between six weeks and six months of age, it is expensive to treat and fatal without treatment), canine distemper virus (a severe, airborne virus that can cause permanent brain damage, vomiting and diarrhea), canine adenovirus (also called infectious hepatitis, it causes vomiting, diarrhea, severe liver damage and death), and rabies (a virus that causes changes in temperament, inability to swallow, convulsions and death and is transmissible to other animals and humans) are considered core vaccines for dogs.
Now a Dutch research group says it has discovered the apparent cause: another virus, canine distemper virus (CDV) or a close relative.
Morbillivirus immunohistochemistry was conducted with a murine monoclonal antibody against canine distemper virus nucleoprotein (VMRD Inc., Pullman, WA, USA).
Canine parvovirus (a highly contagious virus that can cause severe vomiting and bloody diarrhea; most often seen in puppies between six weeks and six months of age, it is expensive to treat and fatal without treatment); canine distemper virus (a severe, airborne virus that can cause permanent brain damage, vomiting and diarrhea); canine adenovirus (also called infectious hepatitis, it causes vomiting, diarrhea, severe liver damage and death); and rabies (a virus that causes changes in temperament, inability to swallow, convulsions and death and is transmissible to other animals and humans) are considered core vaccines for dogs.
Recent studies showed that similar amino acid changes could affect virulence and infectivity of different Canine distemper virus (family Paramyxoviridae, genus Morbillivirus) strains, but such changes are often neutralized by compensatory mutations that preserve the biologic activity of H protein (15).

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