candidosis


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Related to candidosis: candida, candidiasis, aspergillosis

candidiasis

 [kan″dĭ-di´ah-sis]
infection by fungi of the genus Candida, generally C. albicans, most commonly involving the skin, oral mucosa (thrush), respiratory tract, or vagina; occasionally there is a systemic infection or endocarditis. It is most often associated with pregnancy, glycosuria, diabetes mellitus, or use of antibiotics. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention has found that in the United States this condition is the fourth most common cause of nosocomial infections of the blood stream. Called also candidosis and moniliasis.

The most prominent symptom of vaginitis due to Candida infection is severe itching. Sexual transmission is unlikely. Intravaginal cream containing miconazole or clotrimazole, applied each night for one week, usually clears up the infection. Difficulty or pain with swallowing, or retrosternal pain, may indicate candidiasis of the esophagus. Systemic antifungal therapy is indicated for esophagitis and other more severe forms of the disease. Therapeutic options include ketoconazole, fluconazole, and amphotericin b. Chronic suppressive therapy is sometimes required for severely immunocompromised patients. The Infectious Disease Society of America has published “Practice Guidelines for the Treatment of Candidiasis” on their web site, http://www.idsociety.org.
atrophic candidiasis oral candidiasis marked by erythematous, pebbled patches on the hard or soft palate, buccal mucosa, and dorsal surface of the tongue, a complication of numerous different conditions such as vitamin deficiency, diabetes mellitus, or poorly fitting dentures. There are acute forms and a chronic form called denture stomatitis.
bronchopulmonary candidiasis candidiasis of the respiratory tree, occurring in a mild afebrile form manifested as chronic bronchitis, and in a usually fatal form resembling tuberculosis. Called also bronchocandidiasis.
chronic mucocutaneous candidiasis a group comprising a number of varying forms of Candida infection, marked by chronic candidiasis of the skin and nails and the mucous membranes of the mouth and vagina that is resistant to treatment; it may be localized or diffuse, is sometimes familial, and may be associated with disorders of the immune and endocrine systems.
endocardial candidiasis Candida endocarditis.
oral candidiasis thrush.
pulmonary candidiasis a type of fungal pneumonia caused by infection with Candida species, seen especially in immunocompromised patients or those with malignancies. Called also Candida pneumonia.
vaginal candidiasis (vulvovaginal candidiasis) candidal infection of the vagina, and usually also the vulva, commonly characterized by itching, creamy white discharge, vulvar redness and swelling, and dyspareunia. Called also Candida or candidal vaginitis and Candida or candidal vulvovaginitis.

can·di·di·a·sis

(kan'di-dī'ă-sis),
Infection with, or disease caused by, Candida, especially C. albicans. This disease usually results from debilitation (as in immunosuppression and especially AIDS), physiologic change, prolonged administration of antibiotics, and iatrogenic and barrier breakage.
Synonym(s): candidosis, moniliasis

candidosis

(kăn′dĭ-dō′sĭs)

candidiasis

Infection with Candida species, especially of mucocutaneous surfaces, which is usually caused by C albicans.
 
Clinical
 Dysphagia, oral lesions.
 
Diagnosis
Endoscopy, cytology, cultures.
 
Management
Ketoconazole, fluconazole.

can·di·di·a·sis

(kandi-dīă-sis)
Infection with, or disease caused by, Candida, especially C. albicans. This disease usually results from debilitation (as in immunosuppression and especially AIDS), physiologic change, prolonged administration of antibiotics, and barrier breakage. Commonly affected areas include the skin, oral mucous membranes, respiratory tract, and vagina.
Synonym(s): candidosis, moniliasis.
References in periodicals archive ?
Hube, "Secreted aspartic proteinase (Sap) activity contributes to tissue damage in a model of human oral candidosis," Molecular Microbiology, vol.
Ademas, hicieron un llamado a concentrar la atencion y difusion de informacion en las lesiones orales mas frecuentes, esto es: candidosis seudomembranosa, gingivitis y periodontitis asociadas al VIH, leucoplasia vellosa, sarcoma de Kaposi y linfoma no Hodgkin (5).
Potential role of probiotic bacteria in the treatment and prevention of localised candidosis. Mycoses.
Diagnostico y Tratamiento de Candidosis Vulvovaginla en mujeres mayores a 12 anos de edad.
(1) Superficial infections Molluscum contagiosum Bacterial diseases (impetigo, erythrasma, etc.) Dermatophytosis Candidosis Pityriasis versicolor (2) Superficial parasitoses Scabies Demodicidosis Oxyuriasis (3) Xeroses and erythematosquamous, spongiotic and parakeratotic dermatitides Xerosis--kerosis--ichthyo sis Eczema--contact dermatitis Atopic dermatitis Pityriasis rosea Id reaction Psoriasis Seborrheic dermatitis (4) Tumors Malignant melanoma Melanocytic nevus Dysplastic nevus Seborrheic keratosis
Contet-Audonneau, "Topical treatment of vaginal candidosis with sertaconazole and econazole sustained-release suppositories," International Journal of Gynecology and Obstetrics, vol.
The presence of oral candidosis, melanonychia, generalised lymphadenopathy, wasting, Molluscum contagiosum lesions, and hairy leukoplakia are important clinical features to look for in the HIV-positive patient.
Itraconazole in the treatment of vaginal candidosis and the effect of treatment of the sexual partner.
Dentures can act as reservoirs of infection, so I would recommend you contact your dentist who will prescribe you an anti-fungal for the corners of your mouth and for any other oral candidosis.
Determinacion de pH salival y cultivo en pacientes con candidosis bucal VIH positivos y VIH negativos.
The occurrence of superficial oral candidosis may arise from a multitude of factors including local immune suppression, reduced salivary flow, poor oral hygiene, smoking, denture wearing, hormonal imbalances, and nutritional deficiencies [4-8].