candidal esophagitis

candidal esophagitis

infection of the esophageal mucosae by Candida albicans leading to painful and difficult swallowing. White plaques adherent to the mucosa are typically seen; frequently affects immunocompromised patients or those receiving broad-spectrum antibiotics; diagnosed by endoscopic brushing, mucosal biopsy, or both.
References in periodicals archive ?
Past medical history included one episode of candidal esophagitis that was successfully treated with fluconazole.
Among the differential diagnosis he mentioned reflux esophagitis, infectious esophagitis, and candidal esophagitis. There is no clear etiology of the disease and most studies have been done on paediatric patients.
Based on univariate analysis, the study revealed that age (P = .038), positive p24 antigens (P = .023), prior histories of Mycobacterium avium complex (MAC) (P = .022), cytomegalovirus (CMMV) retinitis (P = .011), lymphoma (P = .009), and candidal esophagitis (P [less than] .001) were significantly associated with early death.