cancer staging

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cancer staging

a system for describing the exact location, size, and extent of spread of a malignant tumor, used to plan treatment and predict prognosis. Staging may involve a physical examination, diagnostic procedures, surgical exploration, and histological examination. The system developed by the American Joint Committee for Cancer Staging and End Results Reporting uses the letter T to represent the tumor, N for the regional lymph node involvement, M for distant metastases, and numeric subscripts in each category to indicate the degree of dissemination. According to this system T1N0M0 designates a small localized tumor; T2N1M0 is a larger primary tumor that has extended to regional nodes; and T4N3M3 is a very large lesion involving regional nodes and distant sites. PTNM is a TNM confirmed by pathology. CTNM is a clinical assessment of TNM. Tx is used when the tumor is unevaluated.

can·cer stag·ing

(kan'sĕr stājing)
Assessment of spread of cancerous tumors (e.g., TNM staging, with T referring to tumor size and extension, N lymph node involvement, and M the presence or absence of metastasis).

Cancer staging

Determining the course and spread of cancer.
Mentioned in: Laparoscopy

Patient discussion about cancer staging

Q. Does staging in breast cancer is linked to metastasis and what is the use of staging?

A. stages in cancer tell of it's progress. is it benign, does it have a capsule, did it metastasized and all that. but if you are looking for more accurate and more information on that in general:

this should do it!

Q. I don’t know what situation this stage of cancer will put her in? my friend `s sister is diagnosed with second stage of breast cancer. They say it is advanced and has happened due to her hormonal changes. She had her treatment with chemotherapy recently. Her hormone based treatment is still to be given. Her family is in terrible condition. She was the soul of her family. She has always kept us happy and she was the one who did take absolute care of family members. She is lovable in nature and innocent. I don’t know what situation this stage of cancer will put her in?

A. I am sorry. But don’t worry. This stage cancer can be treated well. They have treated her with chemotherapy and now she will be treated with anti-estrogen therapy. It is used for its protective effect on the non cancerous breast tissue. No problem it can be treated. Many have been treated well and she will also get well.

More discussions about cancer staging
References in periodicals archive ?
The study included patients who had extra- or transperitoneal laparoscopic lymphadenectomy for endometrial cancer staging at M.
Their topics include synthesizing and characterizing iron oxide ferrite nanoparticles and ferrite-based aqueous fluids, the functionalizing magnetic iron oxide nanoparticles, separating and characterizing magnetic particulate materials, putting therapeutic nanoparticles where they need to go by magnet systems design and control, and surgical magnetic systems and tracers for cancer staging.
The new Abnova-Clearbridge device provides a powerful adjunctive tool for the traditional yet more technique-demanding and invasive tissue biopsy for cancer staging.
Lung cancer was staged according to the 2002 Union Internationale Contre le Cancer staging system at the time of the study.
However, we notice that in the "Colon and Rectum" chapter, both in the AJCC (American Joint Committee on Cancer) Cancer Staging Manual (3) (page 156) and AJCC Cancer Staging Handbook (4) (page 200), the RX category is absent.
Chapter topics include the effect of adjuvant therapy on surgical treatment of rectal cancer, three-dimensional endorectal ultrasonography in rectal cancer staging, transanal endoscopic microsurgery in early rectal cancer, and germline and somatic mutations in colorectal cancers from patients with hereditary nonpolyposis colorectal cancer.
OBJECTIVES: To present the currently used colorectal cancer staging system; to address challenging areas in pathologic staging, including T category considerations and recommendations for the minimum number of lymph nodes sampled; and to discuss assessment of selected stage-independent prognostic factors, such as vascular/ lymphatic invasion.
The American Joint Committee on Cancer Staging (2) has classified the tumor component of sinonasal SCC thusly:
A second objective is to assess the effectiveness of cancer staging systems, which vary widely across the United States.
Publishing company Wiley InterScience has teamed with the International Union Against Cancer to launch an online resource for cancer staging and prognosis.
Written by internationally renowned authors, this title is an invaluable reference for all those required to report on MR examinations, with accurate cancer staging aided by the extensive use of high quality MR images of pelvic cancer.
The Previstage(TM) GCC colorectal cancer staging test is now offered in Canada by DiagnoCure's licensed medical biology laboratory.

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