Autogenous bone grafts taken from the calvarium
for facial and cranial applications.
Twelve cases have been reported before and none presented with thoracic skeleton deformities or cystic changes in the calvarium
Figure 1: (a) Sagittal view fetal MRI demonstrating the absence of the calvarium
with large mass of brain tissues hanging outside of the skull base and an incomplete layer of vascular epithelium covering the deformed brain.
of each animal was removed, fixed in 4% paraformoldehyde for 48h, and then sent for direct digital radiographic exam.
2) These lesions can arise from the calvarium
, dura, and base of the skull and may appear as benign lesions.
Subsequently, the mass of calvarium
This method of removing the brain within its bony coverings is an adaptation of that described by Laurence and Martin (11) in 1959 whereby the posterior scalp is reflected from the calvarium
as far as the ramus of the mandibles, the attachments of the pinnae are severed, and temporomandibular joints are disarticulated.
2003), "Homo Erectus Calvarium
from the Pleistocene of Java," Science 299: 1384-1388.
Aerosols should be minimized by using a handsaw rather than an oscillating saw, and by avoiding contact of the saw blade with brain tissue while removing the calvarium
The scalp injury resulting from the electrical current is associated with necrosis of the outer table of the calvarium
(class III) or the outer and inner tables of the cranial bone (class IV) as well as destruction of the overlying soft tissue (Table 1).
A subsequent skeletal survey showed a diffuse salt and pepper pattern affecting most of the osseous structures, with additional lytic lesions in the calvarium
Finally, he arrived at Varanasi, where the calvarium
or skull-cup (kapala), which had stuck firmly to his hand, fell off at last.