calmative

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sedative

 [sed´ah-tiv]
1. allaying irritability, excitement, or nervousness.
2. an agent that does this. The usual mode of action is depression of the central nervous system, which tends to cause lassitude and reduced mental activity. Sedatives are distinct from tranquilizers, which also have a calming effect but unlike sedatives usually do not suppress bodily reactions. Sedatives may be classified according to the organ most affected, such as cardiac, gastric, and so on. Called also calmative.



The degree of relaxation produced varies with the kind of sedative, the dose, the means of administration, and the mental state of the patient. By causing relaxation, a sedative may help a patient go to sleep, but it does not put him to sleep. Medicines that induce sleep are known as hypnotics (some drugs act as sedatives in small amounts and as hypnotics in large amounts). The barbiturates, such as phenobarbital, are the best known sedatives and are also widely used as hypnotics. Other effective sedatives include paraldehyde and chloral hydrate. Sedatives are useful in the treatment of any condition in which rest and relaxation are important to recovery. Some sedatives are also useful in treatment of convulsive disorders or epilepsy and in counteracting the effect of convulsion-producing drugs. They are used to calm patients before childbirth or surgery. Restlessness in invalids, profound grief in adults, and overexcitement in children can be controlled by medically supervised sedation. Because many sedatives are habit-forming, they should be used with caution.

calm·a·tive

(kahl'mă-tiv),
Calming, quieting; allaying excitement; denoting such an agent.

calmative

(kä′mə-tĭv, kăl′mə-)
adj.
Having relaxing or pacifying properties; sedative.
n.
A sedative.
An agent used to control and/or sedate an unruly or hostile group of people, or used in a hostage situation

calm·a·tive

(kawl'mă-tiv)
A substance that produces a sedative or tranquilizing effect.
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References in periodicals archive ?
L'objectif serait donc la complete guerison et non pas uniquement l'utilisation des calmants dont l'effet n'est que temporaire.
Selon les conceptions de l'epoque qui attribuent une origine nerveuse a cette maladie, il est traite par des calmants, des "nervins," terme designant a la fois des tranquillisants et des toniques du systeme nerveux; il sejourne a la montagne en compagnie de sa mere et au bord de la mer, a Cabourg, et non plus a Illiers ou il souffre d'asthme et du rhume des foins.
Le probleme est donc la, enfoui dans le coeur des souches misereuses et suscitant, a chaque instant, un sentiment d'indignation et de revolte qu'on ne saurait soulager par des calmants saupoudres.
Elle explique que par le passe, le traitement etait base sur les calmants symptomatiques, corticoides et antalgiques, soit un traitement de fond tres lent et incomplet suivi d'une reeducation fonctionnelle pas toujours possible.
Ils estiment que seuls des calmants leur sont donnes par les autorites pour eviter une escalade de leurs mouvements de protestations.
C'est un melange d'heroine et de calmants dissous dans du jus de citron.
On essayait simplement d'apporter les calmants necessaires, pour apaiser la tension des petites gens de ce quartier de huit mille habitants.