callosum


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Related to callosum: thalamus

corpus

 [kor´pus] (pl. cor´pora) (L.)
body.
corpus al´bicans white fibrous tissue that replaces the regressing corpus luteum in the human ovary in the latter half of pregnancy, or soon after ovulation when pregnancy does not supervene.
corpus amygdaloi´deum amygdaloid body.
cor´pora amyla´cea small hyaline masses of degenerate cells found in the prostate, neuroglia, and other sites.
corpus callo´sum an arched mass of white matter in the depths of the longitudinal fissure, made up of transverse fibers connecting the cerebral hemispheres.
corpus caverno´sum either of the two columns of erectile tissue forming the body of the penis or clitoris.
corpus fimbria´tum a band of white matter bordering the lateral edge of the lower cornu of the lateral ventricle of the brain.
corpus genicula´tum see geniculate bodies, lateral, and geniculate bodies, medial.
corpus hemorrha´gicum
1. an ovarian follicle containing blood.
2. a corpus luteum containing a blood clot.
3. a blood clot formed in the cavity left by rupture of a graafian follicle.
corpus lu´teum a yellow glandular mass in the ovary formed by an ovarian follicle that has matured and discharged its ovum; see also ovulation.
corpus mammilla´re mamillary body.
cor´pora quadrige´mina four rounded eminences on the posterior surface of the mesencephalon.
corpus spongio´sum pe´nis a column of erectile tissue forming the urethral surface of the penis, in which the urethra is found.
corpus ster´ni body of sternum.
corpus stria´tum a subcortical mass of gray matter and white matter in front of and lateral to the thalamus in each cerebral hemisphere.
corpus u´teri that part of the uterus above the isthmus and below the orifices of the fallopian tubes.
References in periodicals archive ?
Protein extract from corpus callosum were centrifuged at 560 g for 5 min; then stored at -20[degrees]C.
Normal 10.14% Hydrocephalus/ventriculomegaly 25.36% Chiari malformation 3.4% Dandy-Walker malformation 5.7% Holoprosencephaly 2.3% Intracranial masses Cysts 3.4% Microcephaly 1.1% Corpus callosum agenesis 6.9% Nonspecific 2.3% Soft-tissue masses 2.3% Hemivertebra 1.1% Diaphragmatic hernia 1.1% Cardiac rhabdomyoma 1.1 Pulmonary sequestration 1.1 Note: Table made from pie chart.
Morphologic alterations in the corpus callosum in abuse-related posttraumatic stress disorder: A preliminary study.
(3) Type 2 cysts may also be multiloculated, and communication between locules and ventricles may be difficult to visualize and exclude.2,3 The imaging triad AVID (Asymmetric Ventriculomegaly, Interhemispheric cyst, and Dysgenesis of the corpus callosum) has been proposed to aid with distinction from aqueductal stenosis and porencephaly.
Twenty patients had two or more lesions and accompanying lesions were noted in cases with corpus callosum abnormality, cerebral atrophy, encephalomalacia and hydrocephaly.
Brain MR examinations demonstrated that lesions in the corpus callosum have high specificity and quite significant PPV in terms of the risk for MS development.
The brain MRI of this pwHE showed signal abnormalities in numerous tremorogenic and non-tremorogenic structures, such as the basal ganglia, dentate nuclei, red nuclei, periventricular white matter, corpus callosum, internal capsules and crura cerebri.
Children who were admitted to the hospital from September 2015 to June 2017 with mild encepalitis/encephalopathy with complete recovery associated with MRI findings of a reversible lesion with transiently reduced diffusion isolated within the splenium of corpus callosum (SCC), within the SCC and subcortical frontoparietal, or involving the entire corpus callosum and subcortical frontoparietal white matter were reviewed from both radiology and pediatric neurology databases.
Several diseases, including bipolar disorder [4], Alzheimer [5], Leukoaraiosis [6], and Williams's syndrome [7], can alter the corpus callosum size in human.
Magnetic resonance imaging findings in Reversible splenial lesion syndrome include an oval or semi-oval signal increase in the splenium portion of the corpus callosum (boomerang sign) together with a reduction in apparent diffusion coefficient as evidence of cytotoxic oedema and diffusion restriction in the splenium on diffusion weighted imaging.
The corpus callosum (CC) is the main commissural bundle of fibers interconnecting the left and right cerebral hemispheres [1].