Lower caliceal stone
clearance after shock wave lithotripsy or ureteroscopy: The impact of lower pole radiographic anatomy.
Hoenig et al., "Lower caliceal stone
clearance after shock wave lithotripsy or ureteroscopy: the impact of lower pole radiographic anatomy," Journal of Urology, vol.
The stone was located in the proximal ureter in one patient, whereas the remaining two patients had lower caliceal stones
. One of the patients presented with mild hydronephrosis; the other two had moderate hydronephrosis.
Diuresis and inversion therapy to improve clearance of lower caliceal stones
after shock wave lithotripsy: a prospective, randomized, controlled, clinical study.
The inclusion criteria were pelvic or caliceal stones
that were larger than 2.5 cm in diameter, while patients with gross kidney anomalies like horseshoe kidney or ectopic kidney, and those with uncontrolled coagulopathies were excluded from the study.
Efficacy of extracorporeal shock wave lithotripsy for isolated lower caliceal stones
in children compared with stones in other renal locations.
Prospective long-term followup of patients with asymptomatic lower pole caliceal stones
. J Urol.
We included patients with upper caliceal, middle caliceal and renal pelvic stones with stone burden [greater than or equal to] 2 cm, lower caliceal stones
[greater than or equal to] 1.5 cm, upper ureteral stones [greater than or equal to] 1 cm, extracorporeal shock wave lithotripsy-resistant stones [greater than or equal to] 1 cm, multiple location stones with stone burden [greater than or equal to] 2 cm, and staghorn stones.