However, in contrast to present results on feed efficiency, Iqbal and Iqbal (1992) reported same FCR values (2.17) in buffalo calves fed on milk at 10% of body weight and calf starter
along with green fodder and Khan et al.
The consumption of whole milk and calf starter
of Jersey calves produced by embryo transfer and Holstein calves: The consumption of whole milk and calf starter
of Jersey and Holstein calves during preweaning periods (8 weeks) are given in Table 3.
of calf starter
. The calf now has a functional rumen and is capable of rumination.
To get a successful transition to a ruminant early access and greater consumption of solid feed (calf starter
) are of paramount importance.
The ration for treatment group was prepared as 20% chopped dry meadow grass + 80% concentrate calf starter
feed I between the birth and 3-months of age; 30% chopped dry meadow grass + 70% concentrate calf starter
feed II between 3 -6 months of age.
Amount of dry matter intake of milk, hay and calf starter
per kg weight gain is presented in Table III.
Pelleted calf starter
and water were given ad libitum from day 5 (the beginning of the study).
Calves received whole milk twice daily at 0700 and 1600 h: calf starter
and water were offered ad libitum throughout the trial of 60 days.
(2008) found that, calf starter
promoted rumen development and hence hastened the transition from an essentially monogastric animal (high blood glucose) to a functional ruminant (low blood glucose).
The pens had solid iron rod sides with openings in the front and rear to allow calves free access to calf starter
(CS) (contained 88.2% dry matter (DM) and 74.7% crude protein (CP)) and chopped mixed hay (contained 90.3% DM and 10.4% CP) from feeding buckets.
The calves were allowed free access to a calf starter
, mixed grass hay, and water from a plastic bucket.