calf scours

calf scours

diarrhea of calves, of most importance in the newborn because of their susceptibility to dehydration and toxemia. See colibacillosis, coccidiosis, cryptosporidiosis, coronaviridae, rotavirus, salmonellosis, dietary diarrhea.
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Among different causes of neonatal mortality and morbidity, calf scours or neonatal diarrhoea is the most predominant.
Calf Scours or Neonatal diarrhoea, is defined as a multi-factorial disease complex characterised by increased frequency, fluidity or volume of faecal excretion in calves caused by excessive osmotic pressure in the intestine, intestinal damage caused by several organisms leading to malabsorption, toxins produced by organisms or excessive contractions of the intestine (Lorenz, 2006).
Calf scours is an outcome of collective interaction between different composite factors intermingled with each other.
It is of immense importance to understand the dynamics between different factors to effectively control the calf scours in a herd.
To evolve a management practice suitable to curb the incidence of calf scours in the farm, the basic pathology and the major symptoms of the disease has to be understood clearly (Fig.
Broad spectrum antibiotics including Amikacin, Gentamicin, Sulfadimidine and Penicillin G are commonly used to treat calf scours.
lactis and Enterococcus faecium) and hydrogen peroxide separately has been successfully tried in controlling calf scours (Mazza, 1994; Jans, 2005; Timmerman et al.
Preventing calf scours is always a year around effort and not a set of activities centred on calving season.
The new born calves are most prone to take up infection from the environment; therefore it is of prime importance to provide calf with reasonably clean environment, free from disease causal pathogens responsible for calf scours.
Calf scours is not a single disease entity rather it is the symptom arises from several correlated infections at the early age of the calves.
Close attention to animal health to minimise the incidence of calf scours, pneumonia and other diseases prevalent in many traditional calf rearing systems
This not only destroys the sod and kills out the plants, but also makes conditions ideal for footrot, mastitis, calf scours, etc.