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 [soo´ra] (L.)
calf. adj., adj su´ral.


, pl.


(kaf, kavz),
1. A young bovine animal, male or female. Synonym(s): sura
2. The posterior prominence of the leg, caused by the underlying triceps surae muscles (lateral and medial heads of gastrocnemius and soleus).
[Gael. kalpa]


(kaf) sura; the fleshy back part of the leg below the knee.

calf 1

(kăf, käf)
n. pl. calves (kăvz, kävz)
a. A young cow or bull.
b. One of the young of certain other mammals, such as moose, elephants, or whales.

calf 2

(kăf, käf)
n. pl. calves (kăvz, kävz)
The fleshy muscular back part of the human leg between the knee and ankle.


pl. calves
Etymology: ONorse, kalfi
the fleshy mass at the back of the leg below the knee, composed chiefly of the gastrocnemius muscle.


The fleshy part of the posterior lower leg, which is composed primarily of gastrocnemius muscle.
Veterinary medicine
A young cow from birth until it is weaned.

su·ral re·gion

(sūr'ăl rē'jŭn) [TA]
The muscular swelling of the back of the leg below the knee, formed chiefly by the bellies of the gastrocnemius and soleus muscles.
Synonym(s): calf.


1. bovine young less than one year old.
2. young of other species including elephant, larger deer, e.g. red, Japanese sika, wapiti, elk, moose, reindeer, and also pinnipeds and cetaceans.
3. in dogs refers to the region of the hindlimb between the stifle and the hock.

bull calf
male entire bovine under one year of age.
calf crop
the group of calves born to a herd of cows during one breeding season.
calf crop percentage
the percentage of calves born to the cows bred or exposed to breeding bulls.
calf diarrhea
fetal calf
includes unborn and stillborn calves. Can be identified by the presence of atelectasis of the entire lungs, patency of the umbilical vessels which also contain unclotted blood, sodden quality of the skin, high water and nil fat content of the tissues, absence of milk from the gut. Called also slink. See also slink calves.
calf puller
see fetal extractor.
calf starter
artificial feeding of calves includes liquid milk replacer and dry calf starter, the latter being provided from about one week of age. At 3 to 6 weeks the calf is able to exist solely on starter and the milk replacer or milk can be discontinued. Calf starters vary a great deal in composition, quality and price. They need to have a high digestibility coefficient, a high energy content and at least 18% crude protein.
with calf
a pregnant cow.

Patient discussion about calf

Q. I have just developed a pain in my calf - feels like it clicks when I walk, and is a sharp pain I first noticed this problem this morning. As I stepped out of my car, I felt a sharp pain in my left calf, and it has gone worse as the day has gone on. No pain until I walk.

A. as i think of it- fatman's answer seems more logical. but usually people can tell the difference between strained muscle and other stuff. if it was just a pulled muscle he would have thought of it and naturally massage the area. no?

More discussions about calf
References in periodicals archive ?
If adequate forage is available, expected higher cattle prices should provide the incentive for producers to retain heifers for breeding from this year's calf crop.
With expectations of higher prices, especially for cattle that will grade Choice, producers are likely to hold back more heifers for breeding following this year's calf crop, provided adequate forage is available.
As the beef cow herd decline continues, the 1999 calf crop is expected to be the smallest since the late 1980's and early 1990's, and the 2000 calf crop is likely to drop even further, possibly to the lowest level since the early 1960's.
The drought in Argentina has had a significant impact on the size of the calf crop.
By the time I purchased it, he was maintaining a herd of 10 Hereford cattle as a cow-calf operation, in which the herd is kept but the calf crop sold.
It covers the terms and conditions of private, on-farm sales and is especially useful now that suckled calf breeders are preparing the ground for their spring 2006 calf crop and buying new bulls.
The first year I castrated a calf crop, a co-worker of my helper asked for them.
The quality of those Limousin cross calves made it obvious that this `new' breed had a tremendous future in Britain and had we not been delayed by opencast mining on the farm, we would have bought some pedigrees after the first calf crop in 1971.
So much so that more than half the 2003 pedigree calf crop has a higher beef value than the top 10pc of the population in 1980, with carcase conformation increasing significantly and growth potential to 400 days rising by an average of nearly 30kg.
The supplemented herd had an 83 percent calf crop compared to 58 percent; 72 percent rebred two years in a row compared to 21 percent; they had a 78 pound higher average calf weaning weight; one-year-old heifers weighed 100 pounds more and mature cows weighed 200 pounds more than the control herd.