calcium carbimide

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cal·ci·um car·bi·mide

a fertilizer and weed seed killer that also exhibits antithyroid activity; like disulfiram, it impairs ethanol metabolism; workers in cyanamide-producing plants exhibit systemic symptoms ("Monday-morning illness") after ingestion of alcohol.
Synonym(s): calcium cyanamide

calcium carbimide

Substance abuse
Temposil—An agent which inhibits the breakdown of acetaldehyde. It has been used in conjunction with disulfiram to keep alcoholics from falling back into alcohol use/abuse.
 
Adverse effects
Headache, nausea, vertigo, sweating, dyspnoea, tachycardia, rash. 

Toxicology
—A black-grey powder used in agriculture as a fertiliser, herbicide, pesticide and cotton-defoliant weed killer, which, in high concentrations, has antithyroid activity.
References in periodicals archive ?
Moreover, number of cysts found in case of Calcium cyanamide were not significantly (P=0.
Calcium cyanamide was also found efficient in controlling plant parasitic nematodes population which resulted in reduction nematode reproduction rate.
The agronomic traits of tobacco measured during the mature period, including stalk perimeter, internode length, number of effective leaves and leaf area, were superior under quicklime, calcium cyanamide and microbial agent treatment compared with CK and the greatest leaf area was measured in the quicklime treatment (Table 1).
The number of bacteria, actinomycetes and fungi in the rhizospheric soil under quicklime treatment was greater than that under the other treatments, followed by the calcium cyanamide treatment (Table 3).
Reduction of foodborne pathogens during cattle manure composting with addition of calcium cyanamide, Journal of Environmental Engineering and Landscape Management 21(2): 77-84.
Besides its usefulness as a fertilizer, calcium cyanamide has properties of a fungicide, controlling soil-borne diseases and can be used for pest control.
In new experiments, Weeks wants to determine if outfitting plants with the cah gene would open the door for growers to use calcium cyanamide fertilizer more conveniently; that is, not just on bare soil, but also when plants emerge - or perhaps anytime thereafter - without harming the plants.
Also known as lime nitrogen, calcium cyanamide fertilizer dates back to the early 1900s.
The chemicals Vydate (active ingredient, oxamyl), Basamid (G) (active ingredient, dazomet) and calcium cyanamide (fertilizer) were used at the rate of 4.