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Related to calcaneum: calcaneal spur


, gen. and pl.


(kal-kā'nē-ŭs, -kā'nē-ī),
1. The largest of the tarsal bones; it forms the heel and articulates with the cuboid anteriorly and the talus superiorly. Synonym(s): calcaneal bone, calcaneum, heel bone, os calcis
2. Synonym(s): talipes calcaneus
[L. the heel (another form of calcaneum)]
Farlex Partner Medical Dictionary © Farlex 2012


, pl. calcanei (kal-kā'nē-ŭs, -ē-ī)
1. [TA] The largest of the tarsal bones; it forms the heel and articulates with the cuboid anteriorly and the talus above.
Synonym(s): calcaneum, heel bone.
2. Synonym(s): talipes calcaneus.
[L. the heel (another form of calcaneum)]
Medical Dictionary for the Health Professions and Nursing © Farlex 2012
References in periodicals archive ?
Sustained gentle pressure in line with the fibers of plantar fascia from calcaneum towards the toes using the thumb is given.
Patients were diagnosed as having plantar fasciitis if the heel pain was localized to the medial tubercle of the calcaneum, which is the site of the insertion of the plantar fascia and intrinsic muscles of the foot [2].
(3,8) Other common sites of edema include the posterior talus (40%) and the posterior calcaneum (24%); diffuse patchy-marrow edema can appear throughout the hind-foot.
The calcaneum is important in maintaining vertical posture and normal walking.
Inversion and eversion occurs at the subtalar joint, which is between the talus and calcaneum. Plantar flexion is effected mainly by the tendo-Achilles apparatus, which inserts into the calcaneum and which involves the calf muscles, and the long toe flexors.
A radiograph of the foot revealed a fracture of the body of the calcaneum (Figure 1).
Placebo: a/a with belt over calcaneum and minimal force, with stabilising hand over metatarsals.
In radiology, the measurement of 'Bohler's angle' on a foot X-ray can help detect fractures of the calcaneum.
Peripheral dual energy X-ray absorptiometry (pDXA) is used to measure bone mass in the radius (non-weightbearing) and calcaneum (trabecular site) with low precision errors, low radiation dose and short data acquisition time.
Broadband ultrasound attenuation of the calcaneum was examined for all women to assess their bone mineral density.